Solifugae

(redirected from Solpugid)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Solifugae

 

(wind scorpions), an order of arthropods of the class Arachnoidea.

Wind scorpions measure 1 to 7 cm in length and are covered with long hairs. The body is divided into a céphalothorax, a thorax consisting of two segments, and an abdomen consisting of ten segments. The coloration is brown-yellow or mottled. The céphalothorax bears a pair of central simple eyes and a pair of lateral ones. There are six pairs of appendages: the first pair are clawlike chelicerae that serve as defense organs and for tearing apart prey, the second pair are pedipalps that serve a sensory function and are used to seize prey, the third pair are tactile organs, and the fourth through sixth pairs are walking legs. The sexes are separate. Wind scorpions are oviparous and develop without metamorphosis.

There are 570 species of wind scorpions, distributed in the tropics and subtropics. The USSR has approximately 70 species, found in the southern European part of the country, in Kazakhstan, and in Middle Asia. Wind scorpions live in deserts, semi-deserts, and mountains. They are nonpoisonous, primarily nocturnal animals. The diet consists of various invertebrates.

REFERENCES

Bialynitskii-Birulia, A. A. “Falangi (Solifuga).” Moscow-Leningrad, 1938. (Fauna SSSR: Paukoobraznye, vol. 1, fase. 3.)
Zhizn’ zhivotnykh,vo\. 3. Moscow, 1969.
Dogel’, V. A. Zoologiia bespozvonochnykh, 6th ed. Moscow, 1975.

A. V. IVANOV

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Arid-grassland solpugid population variations in Southwestern New Mexico.
Solpugid (Arachnida) populations in a Creosotebush vs.
Taxonomic diversity and density-activity of solpugids (Arachnida: Solifugae) in a coastal desert ecosystem in the northern centre of Chile
Solpugids (Arachnida) of The Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge, New Mexico.
The solpugids (Arachnida, Solpugida) of Chile, with descriptions of a new family, new genera, and new species.
Solpugids of the National Reactor Testing Station, Idaho.
Two new solpugids from Colorado and notes on other species (Arachnida: Solpugida).
Solpugids of the Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge, New Mexico.
Mating behaviour in the solpugid genus Eremobates Banks.
In contrast, Muma (1966, 1967) and Punzo (1998) reported a direct sperm transfer in the eremobatid solpugids Eremobates durangonus Roewer 1934, E.
Until now, guarding behavior has been observed in some galeodids (Cloudsley-Thompson 1967), solpugids (Lawrence 1949), and one eremobatid species (Punzo 1998b).