Solutrean Culture

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Related to Solutrean: Magdalenian
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Solutrean Culture

 

an archaeological culture of the middle of the Upper Paleolithic, widespread in France and northern Spain. The Solutrean culture replaced the Aurignacian and Périgordian cultures and was in turn replaced by the Magdalenian culture. It has been dated by the radiocarbon method to between 18,000 B.C. and 15,000 B.C.

The Solutrean culture was first identified by G. Mortillet in the late 1860’s and was named for the site at La Solutré in the department of Saône-et-Loire in France. The culture is characterized by carefully made flint points, called Solutrean points. The points, some of which have notches, were worked by means of pressure flaking, a technique perfected by Solutrean man, in the form of laurel and willow leaves. Some of the points were used as the heads of spears and javelins, while others were used as knives and daggers. Other items include flint end scrapers, burins, and perforators and needles with eyes, batons de commandement, and works of art made of bone. Archaeological finds resembling those of the Solutrean culture have been discovered at a number of Upper Paleolithic sites in Central Europe and the European part of the USSR.

REFERENCES

Efimenko, P. P. Pervobytnoe obshchestvo, 3rd ed. Kiev, 1953.
Bordes, F. Le Paléolithique dans le monde. Paris, 1968.

P. I. BORISKOVSKII

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
At the level of function, the dramatic increase in antler points in the Lower (and Initial) Magdalenian associated with large numbers of backed bladelets signaled a replacement of large- or medium-size, mostly invasively retouched lithic Solutrean points with a new killing technology (Straus, 1993).
In the Solutrean period of the late Paleolithic (20,000-16,000 B.C.), when the art of flint-working was at its peak, the first constellations were established.
The question of the relationship between the Solutrean and the Magdalenian in Cantabrian Spain--and SW Europe in general--is an old and complex one.
This process creates the narrow, evenly spaced grooves found on flint tools from Europe's 20,000-year-old Solutrean culture and from prehistoric Native American groups from more than 10,000 years ago.
Alongside La Pena cave, Covacho de Candamo yielded vestiges from the Early Solutrean period (Hernandez Pacheco, 1919), as well as from the Upper Solutrean and Early Magdalenian periods.
The end of Solutrean in Cantabrian East region through the Arlanpe Cave occupations (Lemoa, Biscay)