Suleiman I

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Suleiman I

, Soliman, Solyman
called the Magnificent. ?1495--1566, sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1520--66), whose reign was noted for its military power and cultural achievements
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Suleiman I

 

(or Sulciman II Kanuni, “the Lawgiver,” or, in European literature, Suleiman the Magnificent). Born Apr. 27, 1495; died Sept. 6, 1566, in Szigetvár, Hungary. Turkish sultan (1520–66).

Suleiman carried out an expansionist policy: under him the Ottoman Empire achieved its farthest territorial extent and its greatest power. Belgrade was taken in 1521, and most of Hungary was annexed after the battle of Mohács in 1526; in the 1530’s, Iraq, the island of Rhodes and other islands in the Aegean Archipelago, Tripoli, Algeria, and other territories were conquered. Suleiman waged a persistent struggle against Iran in Transcaucasia.

Suleiman drew up a law code (Kanun-name), dealing with such matters as administrative structure and finance, the status of individual provinces, regulation of the military-feudal system, forms of landownership, obligations of the population, and attachment of peasants to the land. He devoted a great deal of attention to the construction of mosques, palaces, and fortresses. The buildings of the architect Sinan are particularly famous.

Suleiman died during a campaign in Hungary.

REFERENCES

Novichev, A. D. Istoriia Turtsii, vol. 1. Leningrad, 1963.
Tsvetkova, B. Prouchvaniia na gradskoto stopanstvo prez XV-XVI vek. Sofia, 1972.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is clear from his treatment of all those around him in the early part of the play that Solyman is inherently good.
Solyman is comfortable with Ibrahim as the general of his army and Ibrahim finds no problem in fighting valiantly for Solyman's cause.
But when he realizes that Roxolana's "Constancy" for Solyman is unshakable, he curbs his passion and promotes her interests at the expense of his own happiness.