Somali


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Somali

1. a member of a tall dark-skinned people inhabiting Somalia
2. the language of this people, belonging to the Cushitic subfamily of the Afro-Asiatic family of languages

Somali

 

(Somalis), a people living on the Somali Peninsula in Africa, in the Somali Democratic Republic, in neighboring parts of Ethiopia, in Kenya, in Djibouti, and in several other countries. They number about 4.9 million persons (1973, estimate) and speak Somali, a Cushitic language. The Somali are Sunni Muslims.

In the interior regions of the peninsula, elements of clan-tribal life have survived among the Somali. The main occupation is livestock raising (camels and cattle); agriculture is practiced chiefly in the Webi Shebeli and Juba river valleys. As a result of the national liberation struggle of the Somali in British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland, the sovereign Somali Republic was formed in 1960.

REFERENCE

Rait, M. V. “Somaliitsy.” Sovetskaia etnografiia, 1959, no. 1.

Somali

 

the language of the Somali people. Somali is spoken in the Somali Democratic Republic, southern Djibouti, eastern Ethiopia (Ogaden), and northeastern Kenya by approximately 4.9 million people (1973, estimate). It belongs to the Cushitic group of Hamito-Semitic, or Afrasian, languages. The principal dialects are Isâk, Issa, Darod, and Hawiyya.

In Somali, vowels are opposed to one another on the basis of length, fronting, and tonal-stress pattern, which is also employed as a grammatical marker. There are many postdorsal consonants. Substantives and verbs constitute the basic word classes. Two genders and case forms are distinguished, often only by means of tone. Most substantives change gender in the plural; dependent members of the subject and object type are almost never connected. There are definite and indefinite articles. Government is preverbal; verbs are conjugated to express person, number, and tense. Object, and sometimes subject, pronouns are obligatory for the verb. In a number of archaic verbs, conjugation is of the prefixal-suffixal type, as in the Semitic languages. Inflection and word-formation are mainly suffixal.

The sentence must contain a “predicatizing” phrase particle, which logically accentuates one member of the sentence. Attributes are placed after dependent words. A writing system based on the Latin alphabet was introduced in 1973.

REFERENCES

Zholkovskii, A. K. Sintaksis somali. Moscow, 1971.
Dolgopol’skii, A. B. Sravnitel’no-istoricheskaia fonetika kushitskikh iazykov. Moscow, 1973.
Bell, C. R. V. The Somali Language. London, 1953.
Moreno, M. M. II Somalo della Somalia. Rome, 1955.
Andrzejewski, B. W. The Declensions of Somali Nouns. London, 1964.
Abraham, R. C. Somali-English Dictionary. London, 1964.
Abraham, R. C. English-Somali Dictionary. London, 1967.

A. K. ZHOLKOVSKII and G. L. KAPCHITS

References in periodicals archive ?
This comes as a surprise as the Somali government and Kenyan troops are on the same side in the fight against the jihadists.Over the last few years, al-Shabab fighters have been driven from most of the key towns they once held, but they still control rural areas in the south.
In a statement issued on Thursday, NAHRS said the article published by New York Times about the terrorist attack in Bossasso, took the Somali nation by surprise and they saw the report as an attempt by individuals who have been busy playing the blame game to settle scores with their political opponents.
All this would not have been possible without the strategic partnership and involvement of the Somali authorities who are in agreement that Somalia's security forces should take over from Amisom.
Lewis, the late dean of English-speaking Somali studies, to assume that Loc was the Southern Somali town of Luuq and to berate her for misspelling the name of the town.
The book launches with a chapter entitled, "The Genesis of Contemporary Somali Migrations." Here Abdi describes the Somali experience and seamlessly integrates the role and history of Dadaab (a collective of three refugee camps in northeastern Kenya) as the launch pad into the pursuit of the Jannah (Arabic for paradise).
The different Somali media outlets that reported the visit said the Sudanese official would discuss the Qatari funded training of Somali security and intelligence agents.
In a statement, the Association of Somali-Turkey Graduates said it supports Turkey and Somalis will stand by the Turks, Anadolu reported.
Abu Dhabi: The UAE has decided to disband its military training programme in Somalia which started in 2014 to build the capabilities of the Somali army.
Two senior security officials told VOA Somali three suitcases containing $9.6 million have been put In storage in the central bank of Somalia pending an investigation.