Somatology


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Somatology

 

(physical anthropology), the branch of human morphology that deals with the in vivo study of the structural variations of the human body as a whole, in contrast to merology, which primarily studies individual organs in vitro. Somatology includes somatoscopy (the description of types of build and the proportions of the body and organs) and somatometry (the measurement of the body and body parts, weight, and muscle strength).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Boas's perspective was to be marked off by a convergence between the sciences of spirit (Geisteswissenschaften) and the sciences of nature (Naturwissenschaften), visible in his accepting and combining two branches of anthropology: 1) cultural anthropology; and 2) physical anthropology (somatology).
In Advances in methods of teaching (1898), Boas (1982: 621-625) notices the composite character of anthropology, as a convergence of three scientific branches which is possible only by the close cooperation of anthropology with several sciences: 1) somatology (physical anthropology): anthropology and anatomybiology; 2) linguistics: anthropology (it deals with the general question of the human language) and philology (it deals with the special study of language structure); and 3) ethnology: anthropology, psychology, sociology.