Sons of Liberty

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Sons of Liberty,

secret organizations formed in the American colonies in protest against the Stamp ActStamp Act,
1765, revenue law passed by the British Parliament during the ministry of George Grenville. The first direct tax to be levied on the American colonies, it required that all newspapers, pamphlets, legal documents, commercial bills, advertisements, and other papers
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 (1765). They took their name from a phrase used by Isaac Barré in a speech against the Stamp Act in Parliament, and were organized by merchants, businessmen, lawyers, journalists, and others who would be most affected by the Stamp Act. The leaders included John Lamb and Alexander McDougall in New York, and Samuel Adams and James Otis in New England. The societies kept in touch with each other through committees of correspondence, supported the nonimportation agreement, forced the resignation of stamp distributors, and incited destruction of stamped paper and violence against British officials. They participated in calling the Continental Congress of 1774. In the Civil War, the Knights of the Golden CircleKnights of the Golden Circle,
secret order of Southern sympathizers in the North during the Civil War. Its members were known as Copperheads. Dr. George W. L. Bickley, a Virginian who had moved to Ohio, organized the first "castle," or local branch, in Cincinnati in 1854 and
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 adopted (1864) the name Sons of Liberty.

Sons of Liberty


a secret, patriotic, mass organization formed in 1765 in the British colonies of North America. It united members of the urban petite bourgeoisie, craftsmen, and farmers. Using both legal and illegal methods, the Sons of Liberty fought against colonial rule and effected a boycott of British goods (in particular, the Boston Tea Party of 1773). The organization was actively involved in creating the First Continental Congress of 1774, which played an important role in uniting the colonies in the struggle for independence.


Fursenko, A. A. Amerikanskaia burzhuaznaia revoliutsiia XVIII v. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960.
References in periodicals archive ?
After finishing ''The Court-Martial of Paul Revere,'' many readers will leave Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's fictionalized poem ''Paul Revere's Ride'' on the bookshelf next to children's books and wonder what they ever really knew about the enigmatic Son of Liberty who still gallops through the national imagination.
Subtitled ''A Son of Liberty and America's Forgotten Military Disaster,'' Greenburg's meticulously researched book uses newspapers from the 1770s, more than 100 books and 234-year-old transcribed testimony from a Committee of Enquiry investigating charges of cowardice and disobedience against Revere for his role in the disaster.
John Milius is an authentic rebel, a true son of liberty, and in his 70th year his work is as alive as ever.
If not a veteran, if you are a son of liberty, a daughter of independence, a child of freedom, let others know it.
Kosciuszko was, in Jefferson's words, "as pure a son of liberty as I have ever known," and this is what brought about his failure.
So great was his genius for building fortifications that the man Thomas Jefferson once called "as pure a son of liberty as I have ever known," and who is today regarded as a national hero in four countries--the United States, Poland, Lithuania, and Belarus--was probably as instrumental as any single man could have been in assuring the success of the American cause.
He is as high a Son of Liberty, as any man in America.
Johnnie get your gun, get your gun, get your gun, Take it on the run, on the run, on the run; Hear them calling you and me; Ev'ry son of liberty.
He was born in Worcester the son of Liberty (Kinosian) LaRiviere of Worcester & the late Walter A.