Soninke

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Soninke

 

(also Sarakole), a people living mainly in northern Mali and also in regions of Upper Volta, Senegal, Mauritania, and Gambia that border on Mali. The Soninke, who number approximately 800,000 (1973, estimate), speak a language that belongs to the northern group of the Mande family. The majority of the Soninke are Sunni Muslims. The Soninke formed the ethnic basis of the medieval state of Ghana. Most Soninke are engaged in land cultivation, growing millet, maize, and legumes, and in transhumant stock raising, principally of camels, goats, and sheep. Large numbers of Soninke migrate for seasonal work on peanut plantations in Senegal.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Dans les cercles de Diema et Yelimane, les cas de pratique d'esclavage continuent de parvenir a la CNDH, notamment dans les milieux soninkes, ethnie majoritaire dans cette partie du pays.
Il est appele << Eri >> par les Peulhs, << Konnan >> par les Mandingues, << None >> par les Soninkes. Il est reparti dans la zone subsaharienne de l'Afrique (de la Mauritanie et du Senegal jusqu'en Ethiopie et Erythree) et vers le sud jusqu'en Namibie, au Botswana, au Zimbabwe, au Mozambique, en Afrique du Sud et au Swaziland [5, 6,7].
Table 3 Parente a plaisanterie: in-laws' verbal jousting in West Africa Country People/language Term for verbal jousting Mali Mali sinankunya Burkina Faso Mossi rakire Cote d'lvoire toukpe Senegal Soninkes kalungoraxu Guinea, Nigeria, Mali Halpulaaren (Fula) dendiraagal; shedsenn (18) Senegal Serers kalir Senegal, Gambia, Wolofs kal Mauritania Benin, Nigeria Baatonu gonesi Benin Sabe (Yoruba) gonesi Nigeria Yoruba iyako Source: Table based on <https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Parente_a_plaisanterie>.
I'd like to remind you that Mali has never been at war with the Tuareg who are a community like the Bambaras, Sonrhais, Soninkes, Peuls or the Malinkes.
Segundo Barry (1985), a unica presenca do rio Senegal constitui fator principal da vida das populacoes wolof, tukulor, fula, soninkes e mandingas, que dividem por seculos os territorios desse vale.
The Bambara, Malinke, and Dogon are farmers; the Fulani, Maur, and Tuareg are herders; the Soninkes or Saracoles are traders; while the Bozo are fishers.
Notons toutefois que plusieurs observateurs relevent 70 a 80% d'arabophones (beydan et haratines) et 20 a 30% de Negro-Africains <<et, parmi eux, M de Halpulaaren pour environ V4 de Soninkes et seulement quelques milliers de Wolofs>> (Taine-Cheikh 2004 : 247).
Sobre todo lo expuesto, San Roman (2004: 53) destaca la sorpresa que le ha provocado detectar la vigencia que los factores socioculturales de origen ligados al matrimonio, el grupo domestico y la organizacion del parentesco poseen entre los migrantes senegambianos estudiados en su trabajo (fulas y soninkes).
`I affirm it loud and clear', said Nathan, `the children of the Soninkes, the Bambaras, the Peuls, the Dioulas, the Ewoundos, the Dwalas ...