Sonora


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Sonora

(sōnō`rä), state (1990 pop. 1,823,606), 70,484 sq mi (182,554 sq km), NW Mexico, on the Gulf of California, S of Arizona. HermosilloHermosillo
, city (1990 pop. 406,417), capital of Sonora state, NW Mexico, at the entrance to the gorge of the Sonora River. Hermosillo is a transportation, manufacturing, and agricultural center in an irrigated area where cereals and cotton are grown and cattle are raised.
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 is the capital. Sonora is mostly mountainous, with vast desert stretches; along the gulf are low, broad coastlands. Reclamation projects on the Yaqui, Sonora, Mayo, and other rivers have opened large areas to agriculture. The most extensively irrigated of all Mexican states, Sonora is a leading national producer of cotton and wheat; other cereals and vegetables are also grown. Agriculture is highly mechanized. Cattle raising and fishing and aquaculture are important, and large quantities of shrimp are exported to the United States. Gold, silver, copper, and other metals are mined in Sonora. Power plants at Hermosillo and Guaymas have aided Sonora's rapid industrialization. Food processing and textile and automotive manufacturing are major industries, and numerous maquiladorasmaquiladoras
, Mexican assembly plants that manufacture finished goods for export to the United States. The maquiladoras are generally owned by non-Mexican corporations.
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, low-cost foreign-owned plants which finish products for export to the United States, exist throughout the region. Nogales is the chief point of entry from the United States. Systematic Spanish exploration of Sonora, principally by Cristóbal de Oñate, began after Francisco Vásquez de CoronadoCoronado, Francisco Vásquez de
, c.1510–1554, Spanish explorer. He went to Mexico with Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza and in 1538 was made governor of Nueva Galicia.
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's expedition in 1540. Spanish missionaries, notably Eusebio Francisco KinoKino, Eusebio Francisco
, c.1644–1711, missionary explorer in the American Southwest, b. Segno, in the Tyrol. He was in 1669 admitted to the Jesuit order. A distinguished mathematician, he observed the comet of 1680–81 at Cádiz, publishing his results in his
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, were active in colonizing the territory during the 17th cent. Originally part of Nueva Viscaya, which also included the present-day states of ChihuahuaChihuahua
, state (1990 pop. 2,441,873), 94,831 sq mi (245,612 sq km), N Mexico, on the border of N.Mex. and Texas. The city of Chihuahua is the capital. Largest of the Mexican states, Chihuahua is divided into two regions—the mountains of the Sierra Madre Occidental to
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 and DurangoDurango
, state (1990 pop. 1,349,378), 47,691 sq mi (123,520 sq km), N central Mexico. The city of Durango is the capital. The western half of the state is dominated by the Sierra Madre Occidental.
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, Sonora was later united with Sinaloa; they became separate states in 1830. Sonora played a key role in the Mexican revolution against Porfirio DíazDíaz, Porfirio
, 1830–1915, Mexican statesman, a mestizo, christened José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz. He gained prominence by supporting Benito Juárez and the liberals in the War of the Reform and in the war against Emperor Maximilian and the
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 that began in 1910.

Sonora

 

a state in Mexico, on the northwestern coast of the Pacific Ocean. Area, 184,900 sq km. Population, 1.283 million (1974). The capital is Hermosillo. Most of the agricultural land is irrigated. Sonora grows cotton for export and wheat for domestic consumption. It has cotton-ginning and food-processing enterprises. Nonferrous metallurgy is also practiced in the cities of Cananea and Nacozari de García.

sonora

[sə′nȯr·ə]
(meteorology)
A summer thunderstorm in the mountains and deserts of southern California and Baja California.

Sonora

a state of NW Mexico, on the Gulf of California: consists of a narrow coastal plain rising inland to the Sierra Madre Occidental; an important mining area in colonial times. Capital: Hermosillo. Pop.: 2 213 370 (2000). Area: 184 934 sq. km (71 403 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Finalmente percebemos que e muito importante a preocupacao com que o paciente pensa e sente no momento de decidir sobre o uso de aparelhos de amplificacao sonora individual.
We have 30 clients in six cities in Sonora. I travel easily between the USA and Mexico.
Aqui podemos ver que, en el fondo, Acosta se esta planteando un problema que no se detiene tan solo ante la posibilidad de des arrollar un diccionario diferencial del estado de Sonora. El problema tiene que ver con una cuestion de actitud impuesta desde la norma espanola, como comentaba antes, y en ese sentido no es un problema de los estudios, no importa si muchos o pocos, sobre el espanol de Sonora, sino que trasciende a un nivel mayor, a saber, el del espanol no peninsular, en nuestro contexto, el espanol de America.
In conjunction with the Pinacate Reserve, the University of Arizona, AGFD, and others, we are implementing a conservation plan for the endemic and at-risk species of the Rio Sonoyta, a rare lowland desert stream and spring system in northwestern Sonora and southwestern Arizona.
Y quiza guiado por el entusiasmo y el amor a su terruno, Aragon dedica buena parte de su tiempo a subrayar (y con esto a convencer al lector: conmigo casi lo logro) lo avanzado que se encontraba el estado de Sonora en materia de legislacion educativa, no solamente durante los aciagos anos revolucionarios, sino a partir del regimen de Porfirio Diaz.
En cuanto a temperaturas, se pronostican valores superiores a 45 grados Celsius en regiones de Baja California y Sonora, y de 40 a 45 grados Celsius en zonas de Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas y San Luis Potosi.
"Our significant investment demonstrates our belief in the viability of the Sonora project and its ability to become a world class operation and support Ganfeng's strategy of growing to a 100,000 tonne a year lithium producer.
The Chinese firm has the option to take its direct stake in Sonora up to 50% and ahs set up offtake deals for most of the prospect's lithium output.
The study area comprised 3 localities in Sonora (Yecora, 28[degrees]22'16"N, 108[degrees]55'32"W; Matarachi, 28[degrees]73'54"N, 108[degrees]95'87"W; and Mulatos, 28[degrees]65'85"N, 108[degrees]74'78"W) (Figure), each with a humid subtropical climate situated at [approximately equal to] 1,500 m, with vegetation comprising predominantly oak forests and grasslands (Appendix Figure, panel A, https:// wwwnc.cdc.gov/EID/article/25/4/18-1507-App1.pdf).
Con miras a cumplir este 2019 una decada de haberse fundado en la ciudad de Hermosillo el Museo de Arte de Sonora (Musas), Ruben Guillermo Matiella Villaescusa, su director, anuncia la exposicion de 30 artistas nacionales, Sonora 2.0.
We are confident that the outstanding funds will be secured which will enable us to move into the construction phase at Sonora,' BLP CEO Peter Secker said in a statement posted on its website.