Sons of Liberty


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Sons of Liberty,

secret organizations formed in the American colonies in protest against the Stamp ActStamp Act,
1765, revenue law passed by the British Parliament during the ministry of George Grenville. The first direct tax to be levied on the American colonies, it required that all newspapers, pamphlets, legal documents, commercial bills, advertisements, and other papers
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 (1765). They took their name from a phrase used by Isaac Barré in a speech against the Stamp Act in Parliament, and were organized by merchants, businessmen, lawyers, journalists, and others who would be most affected by the Stamp Act. The leaders included John Lamb and Alexander McDougall in New York, and Samuel Adams and James Otis in New England. The societies kept in touch with each other through committees of correspondence, supported the nonimportation agreement, forced the resignation of stamp distributors, and incited destruction of stamped paper and violence against British officials. They participated in calling the Continental Congress of 1774. In the Civil War, the Knights of the Golden CircleKnights of the Golden Circle,
secret order of Southern sympathizers in the North during the Civil War. Its members were known as Copperheads. Dr. George W. L. Bickley, a Virginian who had moved to Ohio, organized the first "castle," or local branch, in Cincinnati in 1854 and
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 adopted (1864) the name Sons of Liberty.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sons of Liberty

 

a secret, patriotic, mass organization formed in 1765 in the British colonies of North America. It united members of the urban petite bourgeoisie, craftsmen, and farmers. Using both legal and illegal methods, the Sons of Liberty fought against colonial rule and effected a boycott of British goods (in particular, the Boston Tea Party of 1773). The organization was actively involved in creating the First Continental Congress of 1774, which played an important role in uniting the colonies in the struggle for independence.

REFERENCE

Fursenko, A. A. Amerikanskaia burzhuaznaia revoliutsiia XVIII v. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Adams used the Sons of Liberty as well as the Committees of Correspondence for secret communications between city and rural areas of the state and with other states.
Sons of Liberty's flagship whiskey, Uprising, is distilled from a house-brewed stout beer.
Apart from portraying Prince Caspian, Barnes' other acting credits include playing Founding Father Samuel Adams in the 2015 miniseries "Sons Of Liberty," playing Dorian Gray in a 2009 film of the same name, a supporting role in 2012 film "The Words" and a supporting role in a 2013 comedy "The Big Wedding."
Curiously, Marcovitz failed to identify the rowdiness of the Sons of Liberty and Green missed an opportunity to feature a portrait of Marie Antoinette or Marianne.
1773: The Boston Tea Party, in which Samuel Adams and 150 'Sons of Liberty' protested against British taxes on tea and other goods, took place 1775: Novelist Jane Austen, whose works include Emma and Pride And Prejudice, was born in Steventon, Hampshire.
More importantly, UnReal is also Lifetime's first series from A+E Studios, the company's in-house production company launched two years ago, that is also supplying shows to sister networks A&E (The Returned) and History (the miniseries Texas Rising, Sons of Liberty and Houdini).
''This was the birthplace of our liberty, where others called out for freedom,'' he said, alluding to the fiery speeches Samuel Adams and other Sons of Liberty delivered as the American colonies marched toward rebellion from the British government.
He's recently spent three months in Romania shooting US TV miniseries Sons Of Liberty, in which he plays one of the founding fathers of America, John Hancock.
He recently spent three months in Romania shooting US TV mini-series Sons Of Liberty, in which he plays one of the founding fathers of America, John Hancock.
Metal Gear Rising: Revengence was released in 2013, and featured Raiden, the protagonist of Metal Gear Solid 2: Sons of Liberty, instead of of Snake, and fast-paced action and an innovative slicing mechanic instead of stealth.
Adele Griffin's novels Sons of Liberty (1997) and Where I Want to Be (2005) were finalists for the National Book Award for Young People's Literature.