Soong


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Soong

(so͝ong), Mandarin Song, Chinese family, prominent in public affairs. Soong Yao-ju or Charles Jones Soong, 1866–1918, graduated from Vanderbilt Univ. and, after returning to China (1886), was a Methodist missionary in Shanghai. He resigned from mission work in 1892 and thereafter was a successful merchant. Soong Tzu-wen, better known as T. V. Soong, 1894–1971, his most distinguished son, was educated at Harvard and later (1917–23) engaged in private business in China. He occupied several official positions in the KuomintangKuomintang
[Chin.,=national people's party] (KMT), Chinese and Taiwanese political party. Sung Chiao-jen organized the party in 1912, under the nominal leadership of Sun Yat-sen, to succeed the Revolutionary Alliance.
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 government, including governor of the Central Bank of China and minister of finance (1928–31, 1932–33); minister of foreign affairs (1942–45); and president of the Executive Yüan (1945–47). After failing to reconcile Communist and Nationalist governments in 1949, he moved to the United States. The three daughters of C. J. Soong were also prominent. Soong Ai-ling, 1890–1973, graduated from Wesleyan College in Macon, Ga. She married K'ung Hsiang-hsiK'ung Hsiang-hsi
, 1881–1967, Chinese banker and political leader, educated at Oberlin and at Yale. He deemed himself a direct descendant of Confucius in the 75th generation. Throughout his career he supported Sun Yat-sen and Chiang Kai-shek.
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 and engaged in child welfare work. Soong Ch'ing-ling or Song Qingling, 1892–1981, also graduated from Wesleyan College. She early became prominent in revolutionary politics, and in 1914 she married Sun Yat-senSun Yat-sen
, Mandarin Sun Wen, 1866–1925, Chinese revolutionary. He was born near Guangzhou into a farm-owning family. He attended (1879–82) an Anglican boys school in Honolulu, where he came under Western influence, particularly that of Christianity.
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 in Japan. After Sun's death (1925) she was elected (1926) to the Kuomintang central executive committee. After the expulsion (1927) of the Communists, she resigned and went abroad. The outbreak (1937) of the Sino-Japanese War reconciled her with the Kuomintang, until 1946. From 1949 until her death she served as vice chairman of the government of the People's Republic of China. In 1951 she was awarded the Stalin Peace Prize, and in 1953 a collection of her writings, Struggle for New China, was published. Soong Mei-ling, c.1897–2003, graduated from Wellesley College. She married Chiang Kai-shekChiang Kai-shek
, 1887–1975, Chinese Nationalist leader. He was also called Chiang Chung-cheng.

After completing military training with the Japanese Army, he returned to China in 1911 and took part in the revolution against the Manchus (see Ch'ing).
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 in 1927. She was a member of the Legislative Yüan (1930–32) and secretary-general of the Chinese Aeronautical Affairs Commission (1936–38). In 1945 she became a member of the central executive committee of the Kuomintang. Through numerous articles, broadcasts, and travel to the United States she sought to enlist American support for the Chinese Nationalists against the Communists. She lived in the United States after Chiang's death (1975).

Bibliography

See E. Hahn, The Soong Sisters (1941, repr. 1970); S. Seagrave, The Soong Dynasty (1985); L. T. Li, Madame Chiang Kai-Shek (2006); H. Pakula, The Last Empress: Madame Chiang Kai-shek and the Birth of Modern China (2009).

Soong

, Song
an influential Chinese family, notably Soong Ch'ing-ling (1890--1981), who married Sun Yat-sen and became a vice-chairman of the People's Republic of China (1959); and Soong Mei-ling (born 1898), who married Chiang Kai-shek
References in periodicals archive ?
2," said Soong. "We still plan to challenge for the belt.
Meantime, a party is in full swing upstairs-groups of friends dancing to Soong's peculiar repertoire of contemporary dance beats remixed with classic pop and rock.
Hsieh has served as DPP chairman and premier, while Soong ran on a joint ticket with the KMT in the previous two presidential races.
By dredging up the Soong scandal and now pledging to rid itself of any money interests, the KMT has been viewed by analysts as attempting to distance itself from a shady image in Taiwan, tarnished by rumors of official corruption and money politics over the past 54 years.
Soong's attitude has allowed him to weather the inevitable setbacks that are part of any journey.
This is why it was only natural that it became our first country of choice for global expansion," said founder and CEO David Soong.
In an interview with CommonWealth Magazine, Ko said that if Gou did not run, he might go and ask Soong to have his PFP nominate him as its presidential candidate.
Soong reckons the internet of things will greatly benefit from 5G as data will feed into artificial intelligence systems.
I have been a photographer for the past 20 years,' David Soong, CEO and Founder of SweetEscape, was quoted in the statement as saying.
Speaking to the media at Kampung Bercham here, Soong said the council would give volunteers a grace period of three days to catch a stray before the council sends in its own dog catching unit.
"Well, they seem to think that they are above the rules," said Palicte's chief handler Jason Soong, who insists Nietes has no other options but to meet Palicte in a rematch as per WBO rules.
In Singapore, Toyota is partnering celebrated athletes, Toh Wei Soong and Joseph Schooling in support of their journey to Tokyo 2020.