Sophora


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Related to Sophora: Sophora secundiflora, Ulta

Sophora

 

a genus of deciduous or evergeen trees and shrubs of the family Leguminosae; a few species are perennial herbs. The leaves are odd-pinnate. The white, yellowish, pink, or blue-violet flowers are about 10–18 mm long and are gathered in racemes or panicles. The beadlike, cylindrical, or almost tetrahedral pods are sometimes winged and for the most part indehiscent.

There are about 20 species (according to other data as many as 70), growing in the tropics and subtropics. The plants are infrequently encountered in the temperate zone of both hemispheres. There are five species in the USSR. S. pachycarpa grows in Middle Asia, and 5. alopecuroides occurs in the southern European USSR, the Caucasus, Western Siberia, and Middle Asia. Both species are dangerous quarantine weeds of fields; it is very difficult to control them. Contamination of flour with ground So-phora seeds makes the bread bitter and poisonous. All species of Sophora are poisonous; they contain the alkaloids α-sparteine, sophocarpine, and matrine. The plants may be raised as nectar-bearers or as sources of insecticides, medicines, and dyes. The Japanese pagoda tree (S. japonica) is widely cultivated in the southern USSR as an ornamental.

REFERENCES

Kott, S. A. Karantinnye sornye rasteniia i mery bor’by s nimi, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1953.
Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 4. Moscow-Leningrad, 1958.
References in periodicals archive ?
Recently studies have shown that oxymatrine and taraxasterol which are the main components of Sophora flavescens Ait.
Munekazu, L, Masayoshi, O., Toshiyuki, T., 1995, Six flavonostilbenes and a flavanone in roots of Sophora alopecuroides.
gayanum and Tristerix tetrandrus + in 13; Baccharis concava, Cheilanthes glauca, Chusquea cumingii, Oxalis araucana and Satureja gilliesi +, Sophora macrocarpa 1, Gochnatia foliolosa and Quillaja saponaria 2 in 14.
Acyrthosiphon gossypii Mordvilko on Sophora alopecuroides, Shahriar, 5 May 2002; Kerman 11 May 2006.
It has been suggested that the Sophora alkaloids can act as modulators of cell membrane excitability.
Soil heavy metals like lead, nickel, copper and zinc influenced plants species to a level of their tolerance, While another soil parameter like pH had no greater influence except for Sophora mollis in zone-I.
Aloperine is an alkaloid isolated from the shrub Sophora alopecuroides L.
An early randomized controlled trial (RCT) [18] showed that antipruritic prescription (Radix Stemonae, Xanthium sibiricum, clove, lotus leaf, honeysuckle, Sophora flavescens Ait., Portulaca oleracea, and dwarf lilyturf) was superior to calamine lotion in attenuating acneiform eruption caused by targeted anticancer agents.
However, molecular characterization of mutation events induced by irradiation treatments in Sophora is limited.