Sotskii

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sotskii

 

the lowest rank in the rural police of prevolutionary Russia. Introduced in the 16th and 17th centuries, sotskie were officially instituted by the Statute on the Rural Police of 1837 as immediate subordinates to stanovye pristavy (police officers charged with various duties). One sotskii was elected by the peasants at village assemblies for every 100–200 households. In 1878, sotskie were made subordinate to politseiskie uriadniki (officers ranking below stanovye pristavy) and in 1903 they were replaced by civilian district politseiskie strazhniki (watchmen).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.