South Georgia


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South Georgia,

island, c.1,450 sq mi (3,760 sq km), S Atlantic Ocean, c.1,200 mi (1,930 km) E of Cape Horn. A dependency of the Falkland IslandsFalkland Islands
, Span. Islas Malvinas, group of islands (2015 est. pop. 3,000), 4,618 sq mi (11,961 sq km), S Atlantic, c.300 mi (480 km) E of the Strait of Magellan. The islands are a British overseas territory; the capital is Stanley.
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 from 1908 to 1985 (along with the South Sandwich Islands, a group of nine small, volcanic islets c.450 mi/724 km SE of South Georgia), it and the South Sandwich Islands are a dependency of Great Britain and, like the Falklands, are claimed by Argentina. The number of people on the island fluctuates seasonally; there is no permanent population, but a scientific station is located at Grytviken. Capt. James CookCook, James,
1728–79, English explorer and navigator. The son of a Yorkshire agricultural laborer, he had little formal education. After an apprenticeship to a firm of shipowners at Whitby, he joined (1755) the royal navy and surveyed the St.
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 took possession of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands in 1775. Ernest ShackletonShackleton, Sir Ernest Henry,
1874–1922, British antarctic explorer, b. Ireland. The first of his voyages to Antarctica was made as a member of the expedition (1901–4) of Robert F. Scott.
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 visited the South Georgia on his expeditions and is buried there, and sealers or whalers were based on the island from the late 1700s to the mid-1900s. Since the 1990s the island's penguins, seals, and other wildlife have made it a minor tourist attraction.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

South Georgia

 

an island in the southwestern Atlantic Ocean. South Georgia has an area of 4,144 sq km and reaches an elevation of 2,934 m at its highest point, Mount Paget. Much of the island is covered with ice and snow. There are many seabirds, and penguin colonies are found on the island; the fauna also includes sea lions and elephant seals. An Argentine meteorological station was located on South Georgia from 1905 to 1950. In 1950 a British survey station was opened at Grytviken on King Edward Point. Discovered in 1775 during an expedition led by the British explorer J. Cook, the island was named in honor of King George of England.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

South Georgia

an island in the S Atlantic, about 1300 km (800 miles) southeast of the Falkland Islands, part of the UK Overseas Territory of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands; no permanent population. Area: 3755 sq. km (1450 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
King Edward Point [South Sandwich Islands], Apr 5 (ANI): An earthquake measuring 6.5 on the Richter scale struck off a British Overseas Territory in the southern Atlantic Ocean, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands on Friday.
In South Georgia the remains of whaling stations quietly rust providing a reminder of the hunting that once called people to the harsh land.
All proceeds from the event will go to South Georgia Preservation Fund and Holmfirth Transition Town.
Dundee charity the South Georgia Heritage Trust launched the project to eradicate the predators in 2011 to try and reverse the damage.
Together, Atrium Health and Navicent Health will strengthen central and south Georgia's healthcare options for the 750,000 residents in this area from world-class clinical services across multiple sites of care, to managing the health of communities and promoting health coverage and capabilities, to greater access and affordability for current and future patients, and to enhancing current and future care delivery with technology and innovation.
After South Georgia, Will later returned to Antarctica as part of a team on the UK science vessel James Cook to locate and investigate hydrothermal vents on the sea bed.
Since 2011, the Dundee-based South Georgia Heritage Trust and Friends of South Georgia, from the US, have implemented a PS5.7 million comprehensive eradication programme using bait distributed by helicopters.
Arkive will now offer South Georgia customers its full suite of secure services.
TELECOMWORLDWIRE-January 30, 2017-Cox Enterprises donates USD 50,000 to South Georgia tornado victims
South Georgia Pediatric Dentistry is the place to BE ...

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