South Island


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South Island

or

Te Waipounamu

[Maori,=the waters of greenstone] (1996 pop. 900,114), 58,093 sq mi (150,461 sq km), New Zealand. It is the larger but less populous of the two principal islands of the country and is also known as the Mainland. It is separated from North IslandNorth Island
or Te Ika-a-Maui
[Maori,=the fish of Maui] (1996 pop. 2,718,188), 44,702 sq mi (115,777 sq km), New Zealand. It is the smaller but more populous of the two principal islands of the country.
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, the other principal island, by Cook Strait and from Stewart IslandStewart Island,
island, 674 sq mi (1,746 sq km), S New Zealand, 20 mi (32 km) S of the South Island across Foveaux Strait. Halfmoon Bay is the main settlement. A mountainous and scenic island, it is a summer resort. Frozen fish and granite are exported.
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 by Foveaux Strait.

The island includes the extensive Canterbury Plains, on the central E coast, and the Southern AlpsSouthern Alps,
mountain range, on South Island, New Zealand, paralleling the west coast. It rises to 12,349 ft (3,764 m) at Mt. Aorangi (Mt. Cook), New Zealand's highest peak. Extensively glaciated, the snowcapped range has many deep gorges; Tasman and Franz Josef glaciers are there.
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, which extend almost the entire length of the island. The Clutha and Waitaki are the largest rivers. Much of the western half of the island is in national parks or other conservation lands, including New Zealand's two largest national parks, Fiordland, which includes a major portion of the southwest, and Kahurangi, which encompasses much of the northwest corner. The South Island's principal cities are ChristchurchChristchurch,
city (1996 pop. 309,027), E South Island, New Zealand, on the Avon River. It is the third largest city in New Zealand and the commercial center of the productive Canterbury Plains.
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, DunedinDunedin
, city (1996 pop. 118,143), SE South Island, New Zealand, at the head of Otago Harbor. Dunedin, with Port Chalmers, is an important port and industrial center. The chief exports are wool, meat, and furniture. The Univ.
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, and InvercargillInvercargill
, city (1996 pop. 53,208), extreme S South Island, New Zealand, on the Southland Plain. It is an agricultural center with timber, wool, and food-processing industries. The Bluff, on the Foveaux Strait, is its port.
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.

The South Island is New Zealand's main source of native timber. Grain and fruit are grown and sheep are raised; the island's northeast includes some of New Zealand's top wine-producing regions. Some coal, gold, and oil is found on South Island. The island has several large hydroelectric projects.

South Island

 

the largest island of New Zealand. Area, 150,500 sq km. Population, 829,500 (1973). The South Island is separated from the North Island by Cook Strait and from Stewart Island by Foveaux Strait. The Southern Alps occupy almost the entire island, which reaches an elevation of 3,764 m at Mount Cook, New Zealand’s highest peak. In the east lie the Canterbury Plains, the chief farming region of New Zealand. In the southwest are the Southland Plain and the Otago Plateau, which has elevations of 1,200–1,300 m. The island has a subtropical, marine climate except in the extreme south, where the climate is temperate. The principal city is Christchurch.

South Island

the. the largest island of New Zealand, separated from the North Island by the Cook Strait. Pop.: 973 000 (2004 est.). Area: 153 947 sq. km (59 439 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
These travellers are highly beneficial for the South Island, because they travel more widely to the regions, do more while they're here, tend to be younger (25-35), and become great ambassadors for the South Island.
The CRD Regional Transportation Plan and the Victoria Transit Future Plan were built upon extensive public engagement that will be used to inform the South Island Transportation Plan.
This largest city of the South Island also has an English feel, with double-decker buses and vintage bicycles meandering along the city streets.
Mr Davies, who previously worked in sales, is considering another challenge to raise money for the charity, swimming the 14-mile Cook Strait between New Zealand's North and South Islands.
New Zealand Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) divided the country into nine climate zones, with four zones in the North Island and five in the South Island (Fig.
The weather bureau has predicted warm and sunny weather to continue but warm South Island will soon get cooler with the cold front bringing in rain showers to Westland.
The Night Souk will be located on the south island, just across from mainland Dubai.
Comprising four distinct zones - the beach, a leisure and entertainment hub, north island, and south island - La Mer will feature commercial, leisure, residential and hospitality components, said the company in a statement.
Featuring four zones -- the beach, a leisure and entertainment hub, North Island, and South Island -- it will create a mix of commercial, leisure, residential and hospitality components.
CHRISTCHURCH AND BEYOND FOR PS1,095pp: Austravel (0800 988 4834, www.austravel.com) is offering a 14-day motorhome holiday to New Zealand's South Island with prices from PS1,095 per person and savings of PS220 per couple.
Beijing, China, February 14, 2014 --(PR.com)-- This partnership will see Digital Jungle managing the Chinese social media accounts to promote the airport as the gateway to New Zealand's South Island.
By NATHAN WILLIAMS, account manager for Kiwi Experience MORNING An early hike on the Franz Josef Glacier on the South Island of my native New Zealand.

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