South Sandwich Islands


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South Sandwich Islands:

see South GeorgiaSouth Georgia,
island, c.1,450 sq mi (3,760 sq km), S Atlantic Ocean, c.1,200 mi (1,930 km) E of Cape Horn. A dependency of the Falkland Islands from 1908 to 1985 (along with the South Sandwich Islands, a group of nine small, volcanic islets c.
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South Sandwich Islands

 

a group of volcanic islands in the southern part of the Atlantic Ocean, in the antarctic. The group consists of eight mountainous islands and a large number of small islets and crags. There are some active volcanoes. The island group, which has an area of about 300 sq km, is composed primarily of young volcanic rocks (basalts, tuffs, and ash). The maximum elevation occurs at Mount Belinda (1,372 m) on Montagu Island. The South Sandwich Islands have a large bird population; they also serve as a breeding ground for seals.

In 1775, a British expedition led by J. Cook mistakenly regarded the islands as part of a continental landmass and called them Sandwich Land in honor of the first lord of the Admiralty. F. F. Bellingshausen in 1820 was the first to establish that the islands are islands; he also provided the first descriptions of them and gave them their present name.

References in periodicals archive ?
He wants the UK to fully protect the area, starting with the creation of a no-take zone around the South Sandwich Islands to prevent fishing, and increased environmental protection around neighbouring South Georgia.
Far more numerous are the penguins and other seabirds that make South Georgia and the neighbouring South Sandwich Islands such an important location for wildlife.
The Junta said the armed forces "are in combat" to recover the Falkland, Georgia and South Sandwich islands.
The Argentine Government reasserts the imprescriptibly sovereignty rights of the Argentine Republic over the Malvinas, the South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands and the surrounding maritime areas, which are an integral part of its national territory.
Prime Minister David Cameron's spokesman Steve Field said it was "very sad that Argentina continues with their approach of confrontation, not cooperation." Argentina has become increasingly assertive over its claims to the islands that it calls the Malvinas, as well as the British-held South Georgia and South Sandwich islands. At stake are not only the islands, but also rich fishing grounds and potential undersea gas and oil reserves in the surrounding seas.
Encountering what is now known as the South Sandwich Islands, he speculated that they might be 'a point of the Continent'.
Carl, who has spent the last three years at Newcastle-based Trinity Chambers, will also be the senior magistrate for South Georgia, the South Sandwich Islands and the British Antarctic Territory.
The vents are at a depth of 520 meters in a newly-discovered seafloor crater close to the South Sandwich Islands, a remote group of islands around 500 kilometers south-east of South Georgia.
In April 2009, even before the Ocean Guardian began its cross-Atlantic odyssey from Scotland, Argentina presented the UN with a formal claim to the entire coastal shelf that includes not only the Malvinas but the South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands, also British controlled.
The countries and territories concerned are the following: Greenland, New Caledonia and Dependencies, French Polynesia, French Southern and Antarctic Territories, Wallis and Futuna Islands, Mayotte, Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, Aruba, Netherlands Antilles (ie Bonaire, Curacao, Saba, Sint Eustacius, Sint Maarten), Anguilla, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Montserrat, Pitcairn, Saint Helena and Dependencies, British Antarctic Territory, British Indian Ocean Territory, Turks and Caicos Islands, British Virgin Islands and Bermuda.
The destroyer has been patrolling the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands as well as taking part in exercises with the British Army and RAF.

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