Southampton


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Southampton,

city and unitary authority (2011 pop. 236,882), S England, at the head of Southampton Water. Southampton is Britain's second largest port. The London-Southampton railway, finished in 1840, and the double tide of the harbor made Southampton an important shipbuilding, trade, and tourist port as well as England's main ocean liner port. In 1951, a major oil tanker terminal and refinery were built on the western shore, and North Sea oil became a primary economic focus in 1978. There are several major manufactures, including automobiles and aircraft. Cables, electrical engineering products, and petrochemicals are also produced. Among its schools are the Univ. of Southampton and a teacher-training college.

Southampton is the site of the Roman Clausentum and of the Saxon Hamtune or Suth-Hamtun. Remains of the ancient town walls and reworked Norman structures may be seen. The Crusaders under Richard I, Henry V on his expedition to France (1415), and the Pilgrims all embarked from Southampton. Until the discovery (16th cent.) of a new trade route to India, Southampton had a lucrative trade in goods from the East with Venice. In the 18th cent. it was a fashionable spa. Trade with the United States, the construction of modern docks and the railroad to London (1840), and the coming of the steamboat all worked to convert the spa back into a commercial port. Southampton was one of Britain's chief military transport stations in both world wars. The city suffered considerable damage in World War II, as a result of which there are new dock facilities and shopping districts. The city received a grant of county land after the war to accommodate its growing industrial population.

Southampton

 

a city and administrative district in Great Britain, in Hampshire. A large passenger and freight port on the English Channel, with a sheltered, deep harbor. Population, 213,700 (1976). Food products destined for London pass through Southampton; in the outer harbor, near Calshot Castle, oil is received for the refinery at Fawley. The port’s freight turnover amounted to 27.9 million tons in 1974. Southampton’s industries include ship repair, the production of equipment for ships, and the manufacture of electrical equipment (cables). The city also has aircraft, automotive, food-processing, and petrochemical industries.


Southampton

 

an island off the coast of North America, in the northern part of Hudson Bay. Part of Canada. Area, 44,000 sq km. A plain with elevations to 533 m forms the island’s topography; there is tundra vegetation. The inhabitants are Eskimo and number approximately 300 (1967).

Southampton

1
3rd Earl of, title of Henry Wriothesley. 1573--1624, English courtier and patron of Shakespeare, who dedicated Venus and Adonis (1593) and The Rape of Lucrece (1594) to him: sentenced to death (1601) for his part in the Essex rebellion but reprieved

Southampton

2
1. a port in S England, in Southampton unitary authority, Hampshire on Southampton Water (an inlet of the English Channel): chief English passenger port; university (1952); shipyards and oil refinery. Pop.: 234 224 (2001)
2. a unitary authority in S England, in Hampshire. Pop.: 221 100 (2003 est.). Area: 49 sq. km (19 sq. miles)
References in classic literature ?
A minute later the bailiff and four of his men rode past him on their journey back to Southampton, the other two having been chosen as grave-diggers.
At last the ship began to creak and slowly bridge, and the delay at Southampton came to an end.
She was slim, brightly dressed, rather pretty; Vogelstein remembered in a moment that he had noticed her among the people on the wharf at Southampton. She was soon aware he had observed her; whereupon she began to move along the deck with a step that seemed to indicate a purpose of approaching him.
It was he who had given Lady Jane that copy of poor Briggs's early poems, which he remembered to have seen at Queen's Crawley, with a dedication from the poetess to his father's late wife; and he brought the volume with him to Brighton, reading it in the Southampton coach and marking it with his own pencil, before he presented it to the gentle Lady Jane.
Of course he saw no more than I did, but to annoy me, or perhaps to punish me for my long defection, he must turn his back on me and devote himself to this chit from Southampton to the Mediterranean.
Southampton tried to get the equaliser in the first half, but United was able to maintain a tight defence.
Southampton City Council has completed work on the regeneration of Blechynden Gardens, an important route for people walking between Southampton Central Station and the City Centre.
And the 22-year-old striker, who banged in 38 goals in 93 appearances for Birmingham, reckons he can help fire Southampton right to the top of the Premier League.
Born when ocean liners were the only way to travel, John was just 14 when he joined RMS Mauretania as a bellboy, the ship that established Cunard using Southampton as its home port.
Brighton have the best home record among the bottom-seven teams and they can make it even better by defeating south-coast rivals Southampton at the Amex.
"Southampton Football Club can today confirm it has parted company with First Team Manager Mark Hughes," they said in a statement.
20 February 2018 - UK-based student housing owner and operator Empiric Student Property plc (LSE: ESP) has acquired the freehold of a 240 bed student accommodation property in Southampton, the Emily Davies Halls of Residence, for GBP 10.6m (USD 14.87m), the company said.

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