Southampton

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Southampton,

city and unitary authority (2011 pop. 236,882), S England, at the head of Southampton Water. Southampton is Britain's second largest port. The London-Southampton railway, finished in 1840, and the double tide of the harbor made Southampton an important shipbuilding, trade, and tourist port as well as England's main ocean liner port. In 1951, a major oil tanker terminal and refinery were built on the western shore, and North Sea oil became a primary economic focus in 1978. There are several major manufactures, including automobiles and aircraft. Cables, electrical engineering products, and petrochemicals are also produced. Among its schools are the Univ. of Southampton and a teacher-training college.

Southampton is the site of the Roman Clausentum and of the Saxon Hamtune or Suth-Hamtun. Remains of the ancient town walls and reworked Norman structures may be seen. The Crusaders under Richard I, Henry V on his expedition to France (1415), and the Pilgrims all embarked from Southampton. Until the discovery (16th cent.) of a new trade route to India, Southampton had a lucrative trade in goods from the East with Venice. In the 18th cent. it was a fashionable spa. Trade with the United States, the construction of modern docks and the railroad to London (1840), and the coming of the steamboat all worked to convert the spa back into a commercial port. Southampton was one of Britain's chief military transport stations in both world wars. The city suffered considerable damage in World War II, as a result of which there are new dock facilities and shopping districts. The city received a grant of county land after the war to accommodate its growing industrial population.

Southampton

 

a city and administrative district in Great Britain, in Hampshire. A large passenger and freight port on the English Channel, with a sheltered, deep harbor. Population, 213,700 (1976). Food products destined for London pass through Southampton; in the outer harbor, near Calshot Castle, oil is received for the refinery at Fawley. The port’s freight turnover amounted to 27.9 million tons in 1974. Southampton’s industries include ship repair, the production of equipment for ships, and the manufacture of electrical equipment (cables). The city also has aircraft, automotive, food-processing, and petrochemical industries.


Southampton

 

an island off the coast of North America, in the northern part of Hudson Bay. Part of Canada. Area, 44,000 sq km. A plain with elevations to 533 m forms the island’s topography; there is tundra vegetation. The inhabitants are Eskimo and number approximately 300 (1967).

Southampton

1
3rd Earl of, title of Henry Wriothesley. 1573--1624, English courtier and patron of Shakespeare, who dedicated Venus and Adonis (1593) and The Rape of Lucrece (1594) to him: sentenced to death (1601) for his part in the Essex rebellion but reprieved

Southampton

2
1. a port in S England, in Southampton unitary authority, Hampshire on Southampton Water (an inlet of the English Channel): chief English passenger port; university (1952); shipyards and oil refinery. Pop.: 234 224 (2001)
2. a unitary authority in S England, in Hampshire. Pop.: 221 100 (2003 est.). Area: 49 sq. km (19 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Sailing from Southampton, England, and offering an overnight in Dublin, golf-enthusiasts can expect to play six of Irelands highest rated clubs, including Old Head, Ballybunion, Royal Portrush, Royal County Down and Portmarnock Golf Club.
SOUTHAMPTON, UNITED KINGDOM - MARCH 05: Jermaine Defoe of Sunderland (C) celebrates his goal during the Barclays Premier League match between Southampton and Sunderland at St Mary's Stadium on March 05, 2016 in Southampton, England. (Photo by Ian Horrocks/Sunderland AFC via Getty Images)
It all started when a woman in Southampton, England, had some business in town.
She is currently on her 121 night world voyage, having left Southampton, England on 11 January, 2016, returning on 10 May, 2016.
Researchers at the University of Southampton, England, have designed the removable insole to collect the kinetic energy generated by the movement of your body and the pressure of your feet hitting the ground.
SOUTHAMPTON, England, Rabi'I 16, 1437, December 27, 2015, SPA -- Title-chasing Arsenal was thrashed 4-0 by a Southampton side that had been on a five-game winless run in the Premier League on Saturday.
The ship is expected to arrive at the port of Southampton, England on or about May 27.
CRICKET: Second one-day international from Southampton, England v New Zealand - Sky Sports 1 10.30am.
There is also much talk about the new ship the Royal Princess, a new ship from Princess Cruises debuting in Southampton, England.
From there I sailed on the Queen Mary to Glasgow, Scotland, and then down to Southampton, England. Before long I was crossing the English Channel to Le Havre, France.
If the project goes to plan, Titanic II is scheduled make its maiden voyage from Southampton, England, to Manhattan in 2016.
After a disappointing performance in the Test series and a defeat in the second ODI (the first game at Cardiff was abandoned due to rain) at Southampton, England finally have something to cheer about, after beating their visitors for the first time this tour, in the third match.

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