Southeast Asia Treaty Organization


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Southeast Asia Treaty Organization

(SEATO), alliance organized (1954) under the Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty by representatives of Australia, France, Great Britain, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Thailand, and the United States. Established under Western auspices after the French withdrawal from Indochina, SEATO was created to oppose further Communist gains in Southeast Asia. The treaty was supplemented by a Pacific Charter, affirming the rights of Asian and Pacific peoples to equality and self-determination and setting forth goals of economic, social, and cultural cooperation between the member countries. The civil and military organizations established under the treaty had their headquarters in Bangkok, Thailand. SEATO relied on the military forces of member nations and joint maneuvers were held annually. SEATO's principal role was to sanction the U.S. presence in Vietnam, although France and Pakistan withheld support. Unable to intervene in Laos or Vietnam due to its rule of unanimity, the future of the organization was in doubt by 1973, and SEATO was ultimately disbanded in 1977.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Part one lays the groundwork for how the United States evolved from the Washingtonian ideal of shying away from foreign entanglements to forming the foundation of several key alliances against communism--these include the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Southeast Asia Treaty Organization, and Central Treaty Organization.
security treaties with Thailand and the Philippines and the establishment of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization, and it contributed to Washington's decision to pursue the 1954 U.S.-Taiwan Mutual Defense Treaty.
The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (Seato) was formed in September 1954 and was used to help validate the US participation in the proxy war against the Soviets in Vietnam.
Seato (or Southeast Asia Treaty Organization) was born in the early part of the 1960s as the Vietnam War began to intensify.
He was chairman of Southeast Asia Treaty Organization Conference in Manila in 1954, which resulted in the Manila Treaty and Pacific Charter.

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