Southern Christian Leadership Conference


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Southern Christian Leadership Conference

(SCLC), civil-rights organization founded in 1957 by Martin Luther KingKing, Martin Luther, Jr.,
1929–68, American clergyman and civil-rights leader, b. Atlanta, Ga., grad. Morehouse College (B.A., 1948), Crozer Theological Seminary (B.D., 1951), Boston Univ. (Ph.D., 1955).
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, Jr., and headed by him until his assassination in 1968. Composed largely of African-American clergy from the South and an outgrowth of the Montgomery, Ala., bus boycott that King had led, it advocated nonviolent passive resistance as the means of securing equality for African Americans. It sponsored the massive march on Washington in 1963. Ralph AbernathyAbernathy, Ralph David
, 1926–90, American civil-rights leader, b. Linden, Ala. A Baptist minister, he helped Martin Luther King, Jr., organize the Montgomery bus boycott (1955).
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 headed (1968–77) the SCLC after King's death, but it since has become less prominent. The SCLC continues to sponsor a number of programs, including voter registration and education and the Truth and Justice Campaign.
References in periodicals archive ?
King led the 1955 Montgomery Bus Boycott and helped to establish the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in 1957, serving as its first president.
With her confident direction, "Selma,'' which opens widely on Friday, gives audiences a layered look at King, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and the campaign leading up to the historic 54-mile march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama.
As a member of the student government association, Southern Christian Leadership Conference and Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, she joined the Civil Rights Movement in North Carolina and rallied to change the world around her.
Burglars found a document amid their loot from Hoover's realm that urged agents around the country to "enhance the paranoia endemic in these circles, to get the point across there is an FBI agent behind every mailbox." A panoramic picture would ultimately emerge of a rogue agency that had deployed illegal wiretaps to smear everyone from Martin Luther King, Jr., to the actress Jean Seberg (who had given money to the Black Panther Party) and had also infiltrated political groups, including the Panthers, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, the Student Non-Violent Organizing Committee, and the Woman's Strike for Peace.
* King's work toward civil rights continued when in 1957 he was elected as president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), which he presided over with ideals influenced by both Christianity and Ghandi.
Anderson (political science, Eastern Illinois U.) examines the ideological foundations of three civil rights groups--the NAACP, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)--and their different political strategies, arguing that these multiple strategies reflected differences in ideological perceptions about racism among African Americans, and considering how they serve as models for contemporary political life.
FIFTY YEARS AGO this summer, Bayard Rustin--a brilliant organizer, orator, nonviolent strategist, and also a gay man--was forced to resign his position at the Southern Christian Leadership Conference because of his sexual orientation.
His sympathy for his subjects is manifest throughout the book, detailing the harsh working conditions, discrimination, and racism that black sanitation workers and indeed all black workers endured in Memphis, a city he characterizes as an "Urban Plantation." Through the use of both oral histories and archival work, including the voluminous FBI files on King and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, Honey makes the strike and the movement come to life.
Upon receiving his law degree, Hooks returned to Memphis to practice law and he joined the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. He became Tennessee's first black criminal court judge in 1965 and was appointed by President Richard Nixon in 1972 as one of the five commissioners of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC).
Martin Luther King Jr., a Baptist minister and co-founder of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference.
Bernice King, 46, has set out a mission to revitalise the civil rights organisation co-founded by her father by becoming the first woman to lead the Southern Christian Leadership Conference.
Having gained national attention as the most celebrated civil rights figure, King moved to the leadership of the national Southern Christian Leadership Conference based in Atlanta.

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