Souvanna Phouma


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Souvanna Phouma

 

Born Oct. 7, 1901, in Luang Prabang. Laotian political figure. Prince.

Souvanna Phouma was prime minister in the government of the kingdom of Laos three times: 1951–54, 1956–58, and 1960–62. After the conclusion of the Geneva Agreements of 1954, he sought a political settlement in Laos by way of an agreement with the patriotic forces of the Free Lao Front (Neo Lao Issara), which was succeeded in 1956 by the Patriotic Front of Laos (Neo Lao Hak Sat). In 1962, Souvanna Phouma became prime minister of the provisional coalition government, the government of national unity, which signed the Geneva Agreements of 1962 on Laos. The coalition fell apart in 1963–64, and Souvanna Phouma became prime minister of the king’s government in the Vientiane zone. His negotiations in 1972–73 with the Patriotic Front of Laos resulted in the Vientiane Agreement on Restoring Peace and Achieving National Concord, signed on Feb. 21, 1973, and the protocol to the agreement, signed on Sept. 14, 1973. From April 1974 to December 1975, Souvanna Phouma headed a provisional government of national unity. In December 1975 he became an adviser to the prime minister of the People’s Democratic Republic of Laos.

K. IUR’EV

References in periodicals archive ?
Throughout late 1962 and all of 1963, neutralist Prime Minister Souvanna Phouma was unable to establish a coalition government due, in large measure, to Communist intransigence.
On June 29, Prince Savang together with Laotian Prime Minister Prince Souvanna Phouma, met in Paris with America's charge in Saigon, McClintock, and expressed concern that "in [the] framework of a cease-fire or armistice covering Vietnam, [the] present French Government might be willing to grant concessions to [the] Viet Minh which would be injurious to Laotian sovereignty and territorial integrity" (FRUS 1982, June 29, 1954: Document 1005).
There is little attempt to examine the validity, for example, of Souvanna Phouma's view of how to preserve his country's unity and independence, given that eventually Laos did become communist.
Certainly American leaders were quite unwilling to appreciate the most sophisticated Lao they met, Prince Souvanna Phouma, or to make a realistic assessment of his policies.
A few days after my arrival, I was summoned to pay a courtesy call on Prime Minister Souvanna Phouma, one of the few real statesmen in Southeast Asia in those years.
Elections were held in 1955, and the first coalition government, led by Prince Souvanna Phouma, was formed in 1957.
Stay at the Maison Souvannaphoum Hotel, formerly the home of Prince Souvanna Phouma, who was deposed' by the present government.
In Laos, an intervention in 1960 pushed the nationalist leader Souvanna Phouma into an alliance with the Laotian communists.
touted such an offensive and pointed out to members of the JCS such as its Chair, Admiral Thomas Moorer that an offensive aimed at the Ho Chi Minh Trail might convince Laotian Prime Minister Prince Souvanna Phouma, "to abandon the guise of neutrality and enter the war openly." (12)
125), (60) in September Neutralist Souvanna Phouma asked Ambassador Brown to "urge Vientiane to cease rousing [Hmong] against Lao, to moderate [Hmong] guerrilla action, and to stop parachuting men behind his lines.
(44) This, he has specified, particularly refers to how Kaysone integrated leading royalists such as former prime minister Prince Souvanna Phouma into the new regime.
Decisions as to the number of sorties, targets, and ordnance reflected the need to preserve the nominal neutrality of the Laotian prime minister, Souvanna Phouma, who did not object to the air war as long as his loyal subjects were not endangered and his government not involved to the extent that might invite North Vietnamese retaliation.