Diplomatic relations were established between the USSR and Chile on Dec. 11,1944; they were broken off by the Chilean government on Oct. 27,1947 and reestablished on Nov. 24,1964. An agreement was concluded on Jan. 13,1967, on technical assistance to Chile in the construction of industrial enterprises and other facilities and on the granting of credits. On Feb. 16, 1970, an agreement was signed on cultural and scientific cooperation. Relations between the two countries became closer following the accession to power in Chile of the Popular Unity government in 1970. In a communiqué of May 25–29, 1971, both sides expressed their readiness to develop trade and cooperation on mutually beneficial terms. Agreements were signed on cooperation in the development of fishing (Sept. 7, 1971), on air transportation (Mar. 6, 1972), and on economic and technical cooperation (June 29, 1972). A joint communiqué of Dec. 6–9, 1972, expressed the desire to improve cooperation and condemned the interference in Chile of outside imperialist reactionary forces seeking to thwart the progressive transformation of society then taking place. On Sept. 21, 1973, the Soviet government broke off diplomatic relations in connection with the seizure of power in Chile by the reactionary military junta.
V. M. ZIMIANIN