Diplomatic relations were established between the USSR and the Netherlands on July 10, 1942. In response to a provocation from the Dutch authorities, the USSR recalled its ambassador on Oct. 13, 1961, and requested the recall of the Dutch ambassador to the Soviet Union. The ambassadors returned to their posts by the joint agreement of the two governments of Jan. 31,1963.
The two countries concluded agreements on trade and payments (July 2, 1948), on air transportation (June 17, 1958), and on mutual regulation of financial and property claims (Oct. 20, 1967). Through an exchange of diplomatic notes of Feb. 20, Mar. 25, and Apr. 4, 1968, agreement was reached on the establishment of a direct air route between Leningrad and Amsterdam. In addition, agreements were concluded on commercial shipping (May 28, 1969), on cooperation in agricultural research (May 18, 1970), and, within the framework of Benelux, on a commercial treaty (July 14,1971) and on trade and payments (July 14,1971). Agreements have also been concluded on international motor-vehicle travel (Nov. 26, 1971) and on economic, industrial, and technical cooperation (July 6,1972).
S. E. SEMENOV