Soviets of 1905

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Soviets of 1905

 

(also soviets of workers’ deputies, soviets of delegates), elective political organizations of the working class in Russia that were formed during the Revolution of 1905–07, originally to supervise strikes. Where the soviets were headed by Bolsheviks, as in Moscow, they became organs for the leadership of armed uprising. The soviets of 1905, as embryonic organs of the revolutionary-democratic dictatorship of the proletariat and the peasantry, were the prototype of Soviet power (see SOVIETS OF WORKING PEOPLE’s DEPUTIES).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Chapters one and two trace these roots through Rousseau, Marx and Engels, the 1871 Paris Commune, the Soviets of 1905 and 1917, Lenin, and the post-revolutionary period in the Soviet Union as well as that country's post-Stalinist period.