woodlouse

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Related to Sowbug: house centipede, earwig, pill bugs

woodlouse

any of various small terrestrial isopod crustaceans of the genera Oniscus, Porcellio, etc., which have a flattened segmented body and occur in damp habitats
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For example, both the ants and the sowbugs live in soil.
Includes such soil animals as insects, spiders, sowbugs, and others.
The pteromorphed jackknife mites (Phthiracarus, Oribotritia spp., etc.) have a defense behavior that is quite effective: like sowbugs (Isopoda), they can completely retract their legs and sensory organs and form a hard, nearly impenetrable ball.
Beal (1915) examined the stomach contents of 551 eastern hermit thrushes from throughout the species' range and documented that 64.5 percent of the stomach contents consisted of animal matter mostly insects, 55.7 percent; spiders, 7.5 percent; miscellaneous animals such as sowbugs, snails, and angleworms made up the balance of the animal matter, 1.3 percent.
Millipedes and sowbugs squirm through, chewing wood and leaving droppings that look like big grains of sand.
Also, fruit that is in contact with the soil, where they remain constantly wet, may rot or be invaded by sowbugs or other soil beasts.
Earthworms love nothing better than leaves, as do millipedes, sowbugs, fungi and a countless host of microorganisms.