Soweto

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Soweto

[acronym for south-west townships], city, now part of City of Johannesburg metropolitan municipality, Gauteng prov., NE South Africa. Located 10 mi (16 km) SW of JohannesburgJohannesburg
, city, now part and seat of City of Johannesburg metropolitan municipality, Gauteng prov., NE South Africa, on the southern slopes of the Witwatersrand at an altitude of 5,750 ft (1,753 m).
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, Soweto grew as black workers came to the industrialized area after World War I; the name for the city was collective term for what was originally a group of segregated townships inhabited by blacks. In 1976, Soweto was the scene of a massive uprising that began as a student protest against the government's use of Afrikaans in black schools. The rebellion soon became a violent expression of outrage at blacks' inferior position under the South African policies of apartheidapartheid
[Afrik.,=apartness], system of racial segregation peculiar to the Republic of South Africa, the legal basis of which was largely repealed in 1991–92. History
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; it spread to other cities and more than 600 were killed as the revolt was put down. Needed improvements in infrastructure, electrification, and living standards have been made since the 1980s.

Soweto

a contiguous group of Black African townships southwest of Johannesburg, South Africa: the largest purely Black African urban settlement in southern Africa: scene of riots (1976) following protests against the use of Afrikaans in schools for Black African children. Area: 62 sq. km (24 sq. miles). Pop.: 858 649 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
Thandazo Alice Kunene, Sowetan lesbian and member of the Lesbian Forum of the Gay and Lesbian Organization of the Witwatersrand, reflects,
She and other Sowetan lesbians are often verbally and physically abused by the young men in their communities; and, for Dhlomo, stabane is the most offensive term that they call her.
For instance, many Sowetan lesbians, most of whom label themselves as "butch," have relationships with women referred to and self-identified as "straight"--those who do not identify as lesbians and who eventually marry men.
The serious social effects of these failed relationships are reflected anecdotally in high rates of suicide among Sowetan lesbians.
The thousands of Sowetans who do their shopping at spaza shops--in the form of train shops, stalls, booths, barrows and corner shops--will have access to the modern malls now in the pipeline," says Pitjeng.
Hundreds of Sowetans died and thousands were arrested in protests and uprisings that started in 1976.
Every day hundreds of thousands of Sowetans rise before the sun to start their trek into town to serve as maids and laborers, "baas.
Lately, a few pathetic shopping areas have been built in Soweto as part of the government's reforms in "community development," and there are still the old dilapidated stores where Sowetans can buy their odds and ends.
Two weeks later The Sowetan, the daily tabloid for blacks in Johannesburg, ran an advertisement for the post of Soweto housing director.
Another man sat at a wooden table reading The Sowetan by the dim light of a gray day filtered through a small dirty window.
But see, also, the front-page report of Sheehan's response to Cronin in The Sowetan, August 28, 2002, under the headline "'No apology was needed: Irish academic disappointed in Jeremy Cronin for having apologised to the ANC.