soybean

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soybean,

 

soya bean,

or

soy pea,

leguminous plant (Glycine max, G. soja, or Soja max) of the family Leguminosae (pulsepulse,
in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. Numbering about 650 genera and 17,000 species, the family is third largest, after the asters and the orchids.
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 family), native to tropical and warm temperate regions of Asia, where it has been cultivated as a principal crop for at least 5,000 years. There are over 2,500 varieties in cultivation, producing beans of many sizes, shapes, and colors. As a crop, soybeans are high in yield and easy to harvest; they grow well wherever corn is cultivated.

In East Asia, soybeans are used in a multitude of forms, e.g., as soy sauce, soybean meal, vegetable oil, tofu (bean curd), miso (fermented soybean paste), and soy milk, and as a coffee substitute. In the United States, soybean products such as tofu, miso, and soy milk have become especially popular in lowfat and vegetarian diets (see vegetarianismvegetarianism,
theory and practice of eating only fruits and vegetables, thus excluding animal flesh, fish, or fowl and often butter, eggs, and milk. In a strict vegetarian, or vegan, diet (i.e.
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). The green crop is used for forage and hay, and the cake as stock feed and as fertilizer. Soybean oil is used commercially in the manufacture of glycerin, paints, soaps, rubber substitutes, plastics, printing ink, and other products.

Cultivation of the soybean, long confined chiefly to China, gradually spread to other countries. During World War II soybeans became important in both North America and Europe chiefly as substitutes for other protein foods and as a source of edible oil. In the United States they are now a leading crop, and Brazil, Argentina, and Paraguay also are significant soybean-exporting nations. China and Japan are by far the largest importers of soybeans.

Soybeans are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Leguminosae.

Bibliography

See M. M. Lager, The Useful Soybean (1945); J. P. Houck et al., Soybeans and Their Products (1972).

soybean

[′sȯi‚bēn]
(botany)
Glycine max. An erect annual legume native to China and Manchuria and widely cultivated for forage and for its seed.

soya bean

(US and Canadian), soybean
1. an Asian bean plant, Glycine max (or G. soja), cultivated for its nutritious seeds, for forage, and to improve the soil
2. the seed of this plant, used as food, forage, and as the source of an oil
References in periodicals archive ?
About 150,912 metric tons of soyabean oil imported in last year to fulfill the domestic requirements as against the import of 156,718 metric tons of same period of last year.
Similarly, the soyabean imports on year-on-year basis increased by 246 percent, from $3.080 million in March 2018 to $10.965 million in March 2019.
On the other hand, the soyabean imports into the country increased by 5.49 percent in June 2018 to $10.815 million compared to the imports of $10.252 million in June 2017.
The moral is clear: Pay little or no attention to short-term growth wobbles, which can be driven by transitory stuff like the reshuffling of world soyabean trade.
Soyabean meal, Broilers performance, Carcass quality, Hematology, FCR.
In this paper, researchers seek to formulate a mixed integer programming (MIP) problem for the feed ration formulation with the objective of finding the optimal quantities of Moringa oleifera inclusion in the poultry feed ration to substitute, to a certain level, soyabean which is expensive as compared to Moringa oleifera.
In the first phase, which lasted for the initial two months (June-July, 2013) all fluid samples received were plated directly and after enrichment in Soyabean Casein Digest broth.
Mustard seed, also known as rapeseed and canola, is the third biggest source of vegetable oil in the world after soyabean oil and palm oil.
Soyabean biomass, stover and roots when incorporated into the soil can improve organic matter and the C: N ratio of the soil [6, 7].
Corn and soyabean prices surged to record highs last summer, surpassing the peaks of the 2007-08 crisis that sparked food riots in more than 30 countries.
However, in case of commodities that are mainly exported, the demand comes from different countries and so is to an extent beyond domestic factors." Some commodities which clock decent export numbers and are available for trading on the National Commodities and Derivatives Exchange ( NCDEX) and the Multi Commodity Exchange ( MCX) are soyabean, turmeric, cotton, red chilli and sugar.
The haulier, who has not been named but was in his sixties, died in hospital after suffocating under the soyabean meal at the Cargill terminal at Seaforth docks.