soybean

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soybean,

 

soya bean,

or

soy pea,

leguminous plant (Glycine max, G. soja, or Soja max) of the family Leguminosae (pulsepulse,
in botany, common name for members of the Fabaceae (Leguminosae), a large plant family, called also the pea, or legume, family. Numbering about 650 genera and 17,000 species, the family is third largest, after the asters and the orchids.
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 family), native to tropical and warm temperate regions of Asia, where it has been cultivated as a principal crop for at least 5,000 years. There are over 2,500 varieties in cultivation, producing beans of many sizes, shapes, and colors. As a crop, soybeans are high in yield and easy to harvest; they grow well wherever corn is cultivated.

In East Asia, soybeans are used in a multitude of forms, e.g., as soy sauce, soybean meal, vegetable oil, tofu (bean curd), miso (fermented soybean paste), and soy milk, and as a coffee substitute. In the United States, soybean products such as tofu, miso, and soy milk have become especially popular in lowfat and vegetarian diets (see vegetarianismvegetarianism,
theory and practice of eating only fruits and vegetables, thus excluding animal flesh, fish, or fowl and often butter, eggs, and milk. In a strict vegetarian, or vegan, diet (i.e.
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). The green crop is used for forage and hay, and the cake as stock feed and as fertilizer. Soybean oil is used commercially in the manufacture of glycerin, paints, soaps, rubber substitutes, plastics, printing ink, and other products.

Cultivation of the soybean, long confined chiefly to China, gradually spread to other countries. During World War II soybeans became important in both North America and Europe chiefly as substitutes for other protein foods and as a source of edible oil. In the United States they are now a leading crop, and Brazil, Argentina, and Paraguay also are significant soybean-exporting nations. China and Japan are by far the largest importers of soybeans.

Soybeans are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Leguminosae.

Bibliography

See M. M. Lager, The Useful Soybean (1945); J. P. Houck et al., Soybeans and Their Products (1972).

soybean

[′sȯi‚bēn]
(botany)
Glycine max. An erect annual legume native to China and Manchuria and widely cultivated for forage and for its seed.

soya bean

(US and Canadian), soybean
1. an Asian bean plant, Glycine max (or G. soja), cultivated for its nutritious seeds, for forage, and to improve the soil
2. the seed of this plant, used as food, forage, and as the source of an oil
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the farmer-activist, Fadnavis has not considered the woes of dry-land farmers who have lost at least Rs20,000 a hectare in soyabean and Rs15,000 a hectare in cotton cultivation.
Between April 15 and June 25, soyabean prices fell over 7% to Rs 3,810 per quintal.
The objectives of the study were to (i) analyse the nutritive value of the various parts of the vegetable and grain soyabean plants; (ii) assess the potential contributions of the soybean parts to soil fertility; (iii) determine the liming potential of the soyabean crop; and (iv) determine the forage potential of soybeans as livestock feeds.
The drought in the USA, which supplies nearly half the world's exports of corn and much of its soyabeans and wheat, has affected consumers from Egypt to China and we are told that consumers in Wales and across the UK will be next.
He claimed to have seen 20 feet of soyabean meal - described as having the texture of biscuit crumbs - previously collapse at the plant.
Only the productivity (kg/ha) of barley and soyabean (2163 and 1343 respectively) in the state are greater than India (1985 and 1235 respectively).
Mor Elixir bubble bath pounds 36 This is bathing at its best - decadent and luxurious bubble bath with extracts of peach, ginger and soyabean to work together to soothe skin.
Soyabean imports, which were 10 million tonnes 10 years ago, may reach 57 million tonnes in 2010-2011, the report said, citing a US Department of Agriculture forecast.
Soyabean (Glycine max (L) Merr produces high quality oil which is highly digestible, high in saturated fatty acids and contains no cholesterol.
In the savannah lands which are suited for corn production, the introduction of ameliorated corn varieties will be explored with a rice soyabean rotation.
Leading rice, wheat and soyabean exporters such as Argentina, Vietnam and Russia have restricted their foreign sales, triggering concerns among importing countries about food supply security.
Investigators applied high-resolution NMR to a range of oils, such as sunflower, corn, soyabean, rapeseed, groundnut, grapeseed and olive oil, and also to brands of lard.