Soyer

Soyer,

three brothers, American painters, emigrated with their family from Russia in 1912. Two were twins, Raphael Soyer, 1899–1987, and Moses Soyer, 1899–1974, b. Borisoglebsk. They settled in New York City making its inhabitants the chief subject of their paintings. They concentrated on the depiction of the natural attitudes, thoughts, and gestures of individuals in the performance of habitual tasks. Raphael's subdued, realistic style expresses an intimate sympathy for people, as in Office Workers (Whitney Mus., New York City) or in his portraits, e.g., Mina (Metropolitan Mus.). Moses' figures are usually presented in higher-keyed color or sharper contrasts of black and white, as in The Old Worker (Phillips Memorial Gall., Washington, D.C.). Their younger brother, Isaac Soyer, 1907–81, b. Borisoglebsk, also specialized in everyday figure scenes. His Employment Agency (Whitney Mus., New York City) reveals the social realities of the depression years. The Soyers' concern with people and their environment places them within the tradition of American realism established by Winslow HomerHomer, Winslow,
1836–1910, American landscape, marine, and genre painter. Homer was born in Boston, where he later worked as a lithographer and illustrator. In 1861 he was sent to the Civil War battlefront as correspondent for Harper's Weekly,
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, Thomas EakinsEakins, Thomas
, 1844–1916, American painter, photographer, and sculptor, b. Philadelphia, where he worked most of his life. Eakins is considered the foremost American portrait painter and one of the greatest artists of the 19th cent.
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, and the EightEight, the,
group of American artists in New York City, formed in 1908 to exhibit paintings. They were men of widely different tendencies, held together mainly by their common opposition to academism.
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.

Bibliography

See R. Soyer's memoirs, Self-Revealment (1969); biography by L. Goodrich (1972); S. Cole, Jr., ed., Fifty Years of Printmaking (1967); biography of Moses Soyer by B. Smith and C. Willard (1944).

References in classic literature ?
As the immortal Alexis Soyer can make more delicious soup for a half-penny than an ignorant cook can concoct with pounds of vegetables and meat, so a skilful artist will make a few simple and pleasing phrases go farther than ever so much substantial benefit-stock in the hands of a mere bungler.
Camp fire smoke blew across the station in Dufftown where Celia and Jim Davidson travelled from South Ayrshire to prepare meals on Soyer stoves, which were used by troops during the conflict.
In the third-largest city, Izmir, the CHP candidate, Mustafa Tunc Soyer, was leading with 58 percent votes while AK Party's Nihat Zeybekci stood at 38.5 percent.
Soyer explores beliefs that many Old Christians entertained about conversos, Jews in Spain and Portugal who converted to Christianity to avoid expulsion under royal decree.
"Currently, there is no substitute for a thorough clinical examination," experts Victoria Mar from Monash University in Melbourne and Peter Soyer of the University of Queensland wrote in an editorial published with the study.
Jewish immigrants who (like Sarah) came from eastern Europe with tailoring experience found their skills ill-matched to the prevailing, "modernized" system (Pollard and Soyer 2012, 118-19).
CTP 'MP' Ferdi Sabit Soyer listed a number of suggestions: "the number of employees should be increased, the internal regulations strengthened, funding from the central bank's budget and 30 per cent of the income from state property rents."
Works that reflect on transnationalism as a method applied to American Jewish topics include studies by Tobias Brinkmann, Lois Dubin, Jonathan Frankel, David Gerber, Matthew Frye Jacobson, Rebecca Kobrin, Eli Lederhendler, Ewa Morawska, Moshe Rosman, David Sorkin, Daniel Soyer, Christian Wiese, and Cornelia Wilhelm, among others.
Originally from Turkey, where he was national laser champion, Orkun Soyer came fourth, while two fellow Draycote Water Sailing Club members, Steve Irish and Ant Clay, came seventh and ninth.
Hogarth and Entre Soyer are, respectively, a cognitive psychologist and behavioral scientist.
Peter Soyer, Stefan Hodl, Helmut Kerl (Graz), Carmelo Scarpa, Giusto Trevisan (Trieste), Janez Fettich, Marko Potocnik (Ljubljana), Marija Bercic (Maribor), Gunter Burg (Zurich), and Michael Lomuto (San Giovanni Rotondo).
Bernard Carino scored 49 points for Jeddah Titans and was adjudged as the Titan Watch Best Player of the game while Soyer top-scored with 34 points for VICCM.