Soyer, Raphael(1899–1987) painter, writer; born in Tombov, Russia (twin of Moses Soyer and brother of Isaac Soyer). His family emigrated to New York (1912), he worked in a factory, studied at Cooper Union (1914–17) and the National Academy of Design (1918–22), and, beginning in 1932, taught at the Art Students League. He was a social realist, as in Farewell to Lincoln Square (1959), and a figure painter, as seen in Standing Nude Female (1960). His most famous book was Diary of an Artist (1977).
Born Dec. 25, 1899, in Borisoglebsk, in present-day Voronezh Oblast. American painter.
Soyer, who settled in the USA in 1912, studied in New York at the National Academy of Design and at the Art Students League. He joined the John Reed Club in 1929. Soyer’s paintings depicting everyday life in New York develop the realist traditions of American art and are marked by lyricism, naturalness and precision of observation, and a subtle silvery palette (Seamstress, 1951–60, Museum of Modern Art, New York).