Soyurghal

Soyurghal

 

among various Asiatic peoples, a type of military feudal estate. The soyurghal was an inherited piece of land maintained on condition that the holder perform military service in the Golden Horde. It was also known from the mid-14th to the mid-19th century in Middle Asia, Iran, Azerbaijan, and Iraq and from the mid-16th to the mid-19th century in northwest India. The holder of a soyurghal, like the holder of an iqta (seeIQTA), enjoyed tax immunity and the collection of taxes from the estate for his own use. Unlike the holder of an iqta, he enjoyed adminis trative and legal immunity.

References in periodicals archive ?
Hanafi law, which predominated in Timurid Khurasan, was the most efficacious toward the establishment of waqfs, allowing for the conveyance of movable property, "including cash and income-producing instruments such as the [land grant, SM] soyurghal." (30)
dih, "village, hamlet") rasm al-kifayah ad hoc taxes and tolls rasm al-sadara commission for the sadr (q.v.) sadr Timurid official with authority over most waqfs and ulema sahm share, portion sarawar-i zamin sarawar is uncertain; inferred as "plot" of land (zamin) shabana-ruz 24-hour water flow that is governed by local customs shair barley soyurghal royal favor; grant of territory with right to collect taxes suffa arcade, portico, estrade (raised platform) tahuna, pi.
(72.) A soyurghal gave the holder the exclusive right to collect taxes from a defined territory.
One is also left wondering whether the pre-1552 practice in Kazan of service-conditional soyurghal landholding (a variation on pre-Mongol iqta) made it easier for Moscow to integrate the Tatar nobility into its pomest e-based service system.