Sparidae


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Related to Sparidae: family Sparidae, Chaetodontidae

Sparidae

[′spar·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
A family of perciform fishes in the suborder Percoidei, including the porgies.

Sparidae

 

(porgies), a family of fishes of the order Perciformes. The tall, laterally compressed body is rounded or elongate; it ranges in length from 10 cm to 1.5 m. The back is arched. The coloration is bright and varied. The mouth is in the form of a straight slit; the teeth are numerous and of various shapes, depending on the mode of feeding (predacious, planktivorous, herbivorous). There is a single dorsal fin; its anterior rays are powerful spines that are retractible into a groove on the back.

There are more than 30 genera of porgies, distributed in the temperate and tropical waters of the world ocean. The fishes live close to shore in shallow bays and inlets; they sometimes enter the mouth of rivers. Porgies are only rarely encountered far offshore. Nine species, from eight genera, are found in the waters of the USSR (Black Sea, Sea of Azov, Sea of Japan). The species include representatives of the genera Dentex, Pagrus, and Diplodus. All porgies are hermaphroditic. Most species are commercially valuable.

REFERENCES

Svetovidov, A. N. Ryby Chernogo moria. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
Nikol’skii, G. V. Chastnaia ikhtiologiia, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1971.
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References in periodicals archive ?
(Monogenea: Microcotylidae) from the gills of Argyrops spinifer (Forsskal) (Teleostei: Sparidae) from the Sea of Oman.
Age et croissance de Boops boops (Linne, 1758) poisson teleosteen Sparidae des cotes tunisiennes.
Kingsford 2003 Spatial variation in elemental composition of otoliths of three species of fish (family Sparidae).
Diet composition and breeding cycle of blacktail, Diplodus sargus capensis (Pisces: Sparidae), caught off St Croix Island, Algoa Bay, South Africa.
Taking into account the quantitative data from our study and the addition of saddled seabream Oblada melanura (belonging to the family Sparidae), quoted as an occasional item (Martin& Lorenzo 2001), the diet of osprey in the Canary Islands is composed of a minimum of 16 fish taxa (belonging to 12 families).