Spartacus League

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Spartacus League

 

(in German, Spartakusbund), a revolutionary organization of German left-wing Social Democrats. The Spartacus League was formed on Nov. 11, 1918, through the reorganization of the propagandistic Gruppe Internationale, which had been formed in January 1916 by revolutionary Social Democrats and which had published the journal Internationale (founded in 1915). The league had its own central committee, which included K. Liebknecht, R. Luxemburg, F. Mehring, L. Jogiches, and W. Pieck. Until late 1918, the Spartacus League belonged to the Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany, to which the Gruppe Internationale also belonged.

During the November Revolution of 1918, the Spartacists consistently struggled to develop the revolution. They advanced the slogan “All power to the soviets!,” demanded that workers be armed, and exposed the traitorous policies of the reformist leaders of the Social Democratic Party of Germany and the Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany. The formation of the league, along with the publication of the newspaper Die Rote Fahne, was an important step toward the creation of an autonomous revolutionary party of the German proletariat. In late December 1918, at an all-German conference of league members and radicals, the Communist Party of Germany was created.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
At the conclusion of the First World War in 1919, an openly communist group calling itself the Spartacist League, which drew its inspiration from the Bolshevik Revolution that had established a communist dictatorship in Russia, made a bold effort to impose a communist regime in Bavaria.
The first: in Sydney and Melbourne, general meetings of Women's Liberation were frequently subjected to long-winded hectoring addresses by young women from the Spartacist League about participating in class struggle being the only way to achieve the liberation of women.
vvGooglinga runner Rosa Luxemburg 5.00 Beverley A Polish-born Marxist theorist, philosopher, economist and revolutionary socialist, Rosa Luxemburg (1871-1919) co-founded, with Karl Liebkneckt, the anti-war Spartacist League, which became the Communist Party of Germany.
My stepfather's best friend, Jeff, who lived in a cottage behind ours, was a member of the Spartacist League, a rival Trotskyist organization that was less shy about the violent implications of its rhetoric.
At the end of that year, with Rosa Luxemburg and others, he founded what became the Spartacist League, named after the gladiator Spartacus, leader of the slave rebellion that threatened the Roman government in the first century BC.
Luxemburg and fellow radical Karl Liebknecht publicly broke with the SPD after its vote in 1914 to support the kaiser's entry into World War I; her left-wing splinter group, the Spartacist League, would subsequently emerge to chastise even further the SPD for its nationalist, promilitary position.
On the surface, it may seem strained to make a comparison between the critical personae of Bob Boyle and Patrick McGee, who, in 1970, as a twenty-year-old member of the Spartacist League, spent the summer after the Kent State shootings laboring in New York City to challenge "the smug assumption sofa capitalist society" (111).
Eventually I joined the Spartacist League (SL), a bolshevik Trotskyist organization, and sold their paper, Workers Vanguard, to students, longshoremen and the general public.
"The attack on the World Trade Centre was an indiscriminate act of terror and the people who perpetrated it share the same mindset as the British and American imperialist rulers, because they equated the US imperialist rulers with the American people" - Mick Connor of the Trotskyite Spartacist League.
An interesting clue to the willful media misperception of widespread antiwar feeling lies in the persistent suggestion that the town meeting protesters were members of the famously sectarian and pugnacious Spartacist League. No one I spoke to from Columbus had seen a single Spart.
These characters certainly sounded frightening, though it remains an open question how many of them actually exist outside, say, the Spartacist League. Most disturbing was Brown's use of "left conservatism" to characterize the positions of anyone who "refused" the insights of her favorite postmodern theorists--anyone, it turned out, who still wants to talk about truth, reality, materiality, oppressive social systems, revolutionary social transformation or the need for a united radical movement (anyone, in other words, who disagrees with Brown about these things).
The Partisan Defense Committee, an organization associated with the Spartacist League, has mounted a high-level campaign in his behalf, attracting an array of supporters such as Maggie Kuhn, Ron Dellums, Percy Sutton, Howard Fast, Ramsey Clark and Ed Asner.