Spartacus League

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Spartacus League

 

(in German, Spartakusbund), a revolutionary organization of German left-wing Social Democrats. The Spartacus League was formed on Nov. 11, 1918, through the reorganization of the propagandistic Gruppe Internationale, which had been formed in January 1916 by revolutionary Social Democrats and which had published the journal Internationale (founded in 1915). The league had its own central committee, which included K. Liebknecht, R. Luxemburg, F. Mehring, L. Jogiches, and W. Pieck. Until late 1918, the Spartacus League belonged to the Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany, to which the Gruppe Internationale also belonged.

During the November Revolution of 1918, the Spartacists consistently struggled to develop the revolution. They advanced the slogan “All power to the soviets!,” demanded that workers be armed, and exposed the traitorous policies of the reformist leaders of the Social Democratic Party of Germany and the Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany. The formation of the league, along with the publication of the newspaper Die Rote Fahne, was an important step toward the creation of an autonomous revolutionary party of the German proletariat. In late December 1918, at an all-German conference of league members and radicals, the Communist Party of Germany was created.

References in periodicals archive ?
(93) To prevent POW contacts with the Spartacists, commandants were advised to monitor communications with the outside and restrict the prisoners' ability to go into town.
In vain Leutnant Maus, his comrade and friend from hospital days, entreats him to join the Spartacists. When he gets involved in the last throes of the Spartakusaufstand his participation is not the act of a revolutionary; he tries to rescue his student Riedel:
In December 1918, a month before she was murdered following the defeat of the Spartacist uprising, Luxemburg wrote an article entitled "What Do the Spartacists Want?" She declared that a choice presented itself: "Socialism or barbarism." If the latter--the continuation of capitalist relations--persisted, history would entail new wars, famine, and disease.
The Last Ones (Plate 9) shows a firefight of bitter-end Spartacists, one of whom grimaces with pain as his guts spill out like curly worms, while figures fall this way or that, as in a comic drawing of slapstick performers.
Defeat and revolution; the red flags flying from the mastheads of the High Seas Fleet at Kiel, Soldiers and Workers' Soviets in Munich, Spartacists and Freikorps fighting it out on the Wilhelmstrasse, Red Fronts and Reichsbanners and brownshirts, inflation and slump; war reparations and the war guilt clause; the draconian terms of the Versailles Treaty, the Kapp Putsch and the Beer Hall Putsch.
Cliches from the usual Left journals are their resort--from Green Left Weekly, Socialist Worker and flyers of ageing Spartacists. All in all, students are being provided with a misleading structure for the purpose of undertaking radical action or wishing to change society.
(A further group, the Spartacists, were not represented in parliament.
The events of the Spartacus revolt are no more than dramatic scenery, since Kragler's decision to join the Spartacists, like his decision to desert them, is motivated by purely personal considerations.
And "the Galician" immediately rejoins his tale of slaughter with a recounting of how he came to have bruises and blood on him on this day in Berlin: excited by the new solidarity of "the Spartacists, the hammer and sickle," he had no sooner joined their march when the man next to him said:
In any event this Josef Tingl had been influenced by the Spartacists of 1919 and was one of the tiny group which formed the Ruritanian Communist Party.
They justified their actions by claiming that the workers were independent socialists and Spartacists, and thus a danger to the state.
Infantile Disorder), as well as the defeat of the Spartacists in