Peloponnesian League

(redirected from Spartan Alliance)

Peloponnesian League:

see SpartaSparta
, city of ancient Greece, capital of Laconia, on the Eurotas (Evrótas) River in the Peloponnesus. Spartan Society

Sparta's government was headed by two hereditary kings furnished by two families; they were titular leaders in battle and in religion.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Peloponnesian League

 

an alliance of the ancient Greek city-states of the Peloponnesus, with the exception of Argos and part of Achaea.

Established and headed by Sparta, the Peloponnesian League existed from the second half of the sixth century B.C. until the mid-fourth century B.C. It took form gradually as a result of a series of agreements between Sparta and the other city-states. Sparta strove for hegemony in the Hellenic world and hoped that its allies’ would assist in suppressing the uprisings of the Helots; the other city-states sought military support from Sparta.

The Peloponnesian League consistently supported oligarchic factions in the ancient Greek city-states. After Sparta’s victory in the Peloponnesian War (431–404 B.C.), it became a pan-Hellenic organization that installed oligarchic governments everywhere. The Peloponnesian League broke up after Sparta’s defeat in the war against Thebes (362 B.C.). An attempt to restore it in the 330’s failed.

REFERENCE

Martin, V. La Vie internationale dans la Grèce des cités Paris, 1940.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Particularly enlightening is Rahe's focus on the Spartan's subjugation and enslaving of the neighboring Messenians and the formation of the "Spartan Alliance," later expanded to the Peloponnesian League that would face down Persia and the Delian League alike (106-20).
Danyluk helped organize the Spartan Alliance, a collaboration of nonprofit veteran organizations, and joined forces with Prince to create Spartan Weekend.
Attica would have been safe from invasion, Sparta divided from Thebes, Athens enabled to expand through the Crisaean Gulf, and Corinth howling mad, perhaps even angry enough to carry out its threat to defect from the Spartan alliance.
"It's a very Spartan alliance and we designed it that way," said Lane Kidd, one of the group's senior advisors and president of the Arkansas Trucking Associations--one of the most influential state associations that make up the ATA.
Small wonder that with Spartan alliance as part of his plot and the Akropolis as his setting, Aristophanes should exploit what lay to hand.
11] seems to be the confirmation of the view of de Ste Croix, Origins of the Peloponnesian War (108.110) that the alliance formula of lines 4--10 was the primitive formula of Spartan alliances'.