Spartium


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Related to Spartium: Spartium junceum

Spartium

 

a genus of plants of the family Leguminosae. Its sole species is the Spanish, or weaver’s, broom (Spartium junceum), a shrub measuring up to 3.5 m high. The green branches are nearly leafless. The leaves are entire and easily detach from the stems. The yellow flowers are fragrant and gathered in loose terminal racemes that are up to 45 cm long. The fruit is a linear pod with numerous seeds.

Spanish broom grows wild in the Mediterranean region and southwestern Europe. In the USSR, it is cultivated as an ornamental shrub in the Caucasus, the Crimea (where it sometimes grows wild), the Ukraine, and Middle Asia. The branches are used in basketry, and the fiber obtained from the phloem is made into ropes and fishing lines. The flowers contain large amounts of essential oil.

REFERENCE

Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 4. Moscow-Leningrad, 1958.
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sylvestris 4 3 4 4 3 Arisarum vulgare 1 1 1 1 1 Other species Opuntia ficus-indica 3 2 3 2 4 Ailanthus altissima 2 1 2 3 1 Brassica fruticulosa 1 2 1 2 1 Spartium junceum 2 1 3 1 2 Matthiola incana subsp.
Chen JS, Menesini-Chen MG, Giachetti D, Matteucci F, Barbetti M, Sensini C, Baccetti B (1993) Correlation between male fertility and acrosin-like protease activity in rats treated with Spartium junceum.
Dalea sp * Desmodium sp * Erythrina falcata 8 53 Bentham * Inga sp Medicago sp 5 6 73 Melilotus sp Mimosa sp Otholobium pubescens 9 60 (Poiret) Grimes * Spartium junceum L.
Especies invasoras historicas detectadas: Acacia cyanophylla, Ageratina adenophora, Ageratina riparia, Albizia distachya, Anredera cordifolia, Arundo donax, Centranthus ruber, Chasmanthe aethiopica, Cytisus scoparius, Mirabilis jalapa, Pelargonium inquinans, Ricinus communis, Populus alba, Senecio mikanioides, Spartium junceum, Tradescantia fluminensis, Tropaeolum majus, Ulex europaeus.
Yesilada E, Takaishi Y, Fujita T, Sezik E (2000) Anti-ulcerogenic effects of Spartium junceum flowers on in vivo test models in rats.
en los dominios del pinar mixto con fayalbrezal Solanum marginatum Africa C, T Cunetas, campos oriental abandonados y terrenos ruderalizados, en el piso trermomediterraneo Solanum America H, P, G, T, Ambientes ruderales y pseudocapsicum del Sur C periurbanos Spartium junceum Mediterraneo H, P, G, T, Ambientes viarios y C matorrales Stenotaphrum Neotropical P, T, C, F, Terrenos con humedad secundatum L edafica, Tecomaria capensis Capense T Jardines abandonados y ambientes ruderales a baja altitud Xanthium America T, C, F, L Zonas riparias, strumarium del Norte arenales costeros, subsp.
Vicia faba "haba", Medicago sativa "alfalfa", Persea americana "palto", Spartium junceum "retama", Gladiolus sp "gladiolo", Piper angustifolium "matico", Phaseolus sp.
Physiognomic leading species are Rubus ulmifolius and Spartium junceum together with the characteristic species Calicotome villosa.