Spanish Broom

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Spanish Broom

 

(Spartium junceum), a bush of the family Leguminosae. The linear leaves are attached to green, straight, virgate branches. Leaf fall occurs early. The fragrant yellow flowers are monoecious and gathered into a long, loose apical raceme. The fruit is a linear, flat polyspermous bean that is weakly constricted. Spanish broom grows wild on the arid slopes in the Western Mediterranean Region and on the Canary Islands. It is cultivated in the USSR as an ornamental. It grows wild in the Crimea and the Caucasus. In Spain a durable fiber for coarse fabrics is obtained from the stems. The Spanish broom is a poisonous plant, containing the alkaloid sparteine.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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sylvestris 4 3 4 4 3 Arisarum vulgare 1 1 1 1 1 Other species Opuntia ficus-indica 3 2 3 2 4 Ailanthus altissima 2 1 2 3 1 Brassica fruticulosa 1 2 1 2 1 Spartium junceum 2 1 3 1 2 Matthiola incana subsp.
Total scores equal or higher than 6.25 were found for seven species; we suggest that Albizia lebbeck, Pueraria phaseoloides, Lablab purpureus, Securigera varia, Delonix regia, Clitoria ternatea, and Spartium junceum should receive high-priority attention.
Chen JS, Menesini-Chen MG, Giachetti D, Matteucci F, Barbetti M, Sensini C, Baccetti B (1993) Correlation between male fertility and acrosin-like protease activity in rats treated with Spartium junceum. Zygote 1(4): 309-313
Also trim over neglected lavender bushes and Spanish broom, Spartium junceum. Apply a general fertiliser.
* Dalea sp * Desmodium sp * Erythrina falcata 8 53 Bentham * Inga sp Medicago sp 5 6 73 Melilotus sp Mimosa sp Otholobium pubescens 9 60 (Poiret) Grimes * Spartium junceum L.
Especies invasoras historicas detectadas: Acacia cyanophylla, Ageratina adenophora, Ageratina riparia, Albizia distachya, Anredera cordifolia, Arundo donax, Centranthus ruber, Chasmanthe aethiopica, Cytisus scoparius, Mirabilis jalapa, Pelargonium inquinans, Ricinus communis, Populus alba, Senecio mikanioides, Spartium junceum, Tradescantia fluminensis, Tropaeolum majus, Ulex europaeus.
Segun los criterios seguidos, de las 35 especies aqui recogidas, creemos que 22 de ellas presentan un claro comportamiento invasor en las islas: Acacia farnesiana, Agave americana, Ageratina adenophora, Ageratina riparia, Albizia distachya, Anredera cordifolia, Arundo donax, Cardiospermum grandiflorum, Centranthus ruber, Chasmanthe aethiopica, Cytisis scoparius, Eschscholzia californica, Nicotiana, glauca, Opuntia dillenii, Opuntia maxima, Pennisetum setaceum, Phoenix dactylifera, Ricinus communis, Spartium junceum, Tradescantia fluminensis, Tropaeolum majus y Ulex europaeus.
Yesilada E, Takaishi Y, Fujita T, Sezik E (2000) Anti-ulcerogenic effects of Spartium junceum flowers on in vivo test models in rats.
en los dominios del pinar mixto con fayalbrezal Solanum marginatum Africa C, T Cunetas, campos oriental abandonados y terrenos ruderalizados, en el piso trermomediterraneo Solanum America H, P, G, T, Ambientes ruderales y pseudocapsicum del Sur C periurbanos Spartium junceum Mediterraneo H, P, G, T, Ambientes viarios y C matorrales Stenotaphrum Neotropical P, T, C, F, Terrenos con humedad secundatum L edafica, Tecomaria capensis Capense T Jardines abandonados y ambientes ruderales a baja altitud Xanthium America T, C, F, L Zonas riparias, strumarium del Norte arenales costeros, subsp.
Vicia faba "haba", Medicago sativa "alfalfa", Persea americana "palto", Spartium junceum "retama", Gladiolus sp "gladiolo", Piper angustifolium "matico", Phaseolus sp.