Spasskii, Mikhail Fedorovich

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Spasskii, Mikhail Fedorovich


Born 1809 in Zakhar-kovo, Orel Province; died Jan. 28, 1859, in Moscow. Russian meteorologist.

Spasskii graduated from the Chief Pedagogical Institute in St. Petersburg in 1836 and remained there to work. In 1839 he began working at Moscow University, where he became a professor in 1848.

In his monograph On the Climate of Moscow (1847), Spasskii formulated the tasks of climatology, defined the concept of climate, and worked out in detail statistical methods used in climatology. Independently of H. Dove, he proposed the idea of the deciding effect of atmospheric circulation on the formation of climate. In 1851 he set as a goal the prediction of weather, a subject again raised and developed by V. Bjerknes in the years 1903–13. Spasskii was also the author of works on physics and physical geography.


“Spasskii M. F.” In Biograficheskiislovar’professorov i prepodavatelei Moskovskogo universiteta, part 2. Moscow, 1855.
Khrgian, A. Kh. Mikhail Fedorovich Spasskii. Moscow, 1955.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.