spatial analysis


Also found in: Wikipedia.

spatial analysis

(Data West Research Agency definition: see GIS glossary.) Analytical techniques to determine the spatial distribution of a variable, the relationship between the spatial distribution of variables, and the association of the variables of an area. Spatial analysis is often referred to as modeling. It refers to the analysis of phenomena distributed in space and having physical dimensions (the location of, proximity to, or orientation of objects with respect to one another; relating to an area of a map as in spatial information and spatial analysis; referenced or relating to a specific location on the Earth's surface).

Spatial analysis is the process of extracting or creating new information about a set of geographic features to perform routine examination, assessment, evaluation, analysis or modeling of data in a geographic area based on pre-established and computerized criteria and standards. Spatial analysis is a process of modeling, examining, and interpreting model results useful for evaluating suitability and capability, for estimating and predicting, and for interpreting and understanding.

In GIS, there are four traditional types of spatial analysis: spatial overlay and contiguity analysis, surface analysis, linear analysis, and raster analysis. It includes such GIS functions as topological overlay, buffer generation, and spatial or network modeling. Abbreviated SA.
References in periodicals archive ?
Perform spatial analysis of street sections including horizontal and vertical aspects.
Objective--To determine the relationships among traditional and laparoscopic surgical skills, spatial analysis skills, and video gaming proficiency of third-year veterinary students.
Allen (GIS manager for the city of Euless, Texas; Torrant County College) recommends reading the corresponding guide chapters to tutorials on spatial analysis using ArcGIS 1.
GIS Tutorial Spatial Analysis Workbook offers a fine survey focusing on building spatial analysis skills using ArcGIS 10.
17, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- Updating the second book in the Esri Press GIS Tutorial series, GIS Tutorial 2: Spatial Analysis Workbook, this 10.
We will also be able to learn about Gainesville State College's Spatial Analysis Laboratory.
The figure was worked out by the National Institute of Regional and Spatial Analysis based at NUI Maynooth, which advises the Government.
GIS TUTORIAL II: SPATIAL ANALYSIS WORKBOOK offers an intermediate workbook to help readers build GIS analysis skills, offering a companion to GIS TUTORIAL: WORKBOOK FOR ARCVIEW 9 and a satisfying series of step-by-step procedures on spatial analysis methods from overlay and proximity to statistical and pattern analysis.
at Buffalo, NY) have edited this textbook on spatial analysis to reflect the growing use of geographical information systems (GIS).
Empowering CBOs with access to spatial analysis tools such as geographic information systems (GIS) can be an important step in this direction.
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy" covers the use of quantitative techniques to identify patterns and processes within geographic environments, and actively promotes the importance of geographical research in real world settings.
Spatial Analysis, GIS, and Remote Sensing Applications in the Health Sciences