Special Funds

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Special Funds


in self-accountable (khozraschetnye) and budget (biudzhetnye) organizations, goal-oriented funds of the monetary resources of enterprises and organizations, created out of profits and accruals.

Special funds are intended to ensure and stimulate production development, raise production efficiency, and stimulate certain kinds of activities. They differ in terms of purpose and origin.

In industrial enterprises and organizations run on the basis of profit-and-loss accounting, there are various special funds: a material incentive fund, a social-cultural and housing fund, and a fund for expansion of production, or investment fund. Under certain conditions, moreover, some enterprises have other special funds, including a consumer-goods’ fund, a socialist-competition bonus fund, a technological innovation fund, a bonus fund for the creation and introduction of new equipment and technology, comprehensive mechanization and automation, an export-production bonus fund, a local-industry development fund. They may also have a fund created from profits from the sale of new kinds of household chemicals, a fund created from profits from the sale of household articles and items of everyday use, a bonus fund for the collection, storage, and consignment of scrap ferrous and nonferrous metal, and a bonus fund for the saving of fuel, electricity, and heat. Sovkhozes have a material incentive fund, a social-cultural and housing fund, an insurance fund, an expansion fund, and a bonus fund for outstanding personnel and specialists. Kolkhozes have a reserve fund, a material incentive fund for kolkhoz members and specialists, a fund for social security and material assistance to kolkhoz workers, and a cultural and services fund.

The special funds of state enterprises and organizations are derived from profits; the investment fund is additionally derived from amortized deductions and from the sale of unneeded property. The special funds of kolkhozes are derived primarily from net income. The special funds of production associations and all-Union and republic industrial associations are to some extent centralized.

In budget organizations, the special funds include a fund for compulsory universal education in general-education schools, which is used to provide material assistance to needy students and to provide free school meals. Also among special funds of budget organizations are the bonus funds for those who report hunting, fishing, and forest-use violations; such funds are established in the appropriate organizations and are derived from the fines paid in consequence of such violations. In scientific research institutions, there is an institutional development fund, designed to cover extra expenses arising from maintenance and equipment acquisitions. Special funds can also include the special resources of institutions and organizations on budget (seeEXTRA-BUDGETARY FUNDS).

Special funds take shape in conformity to plan as enterprises and organizations meet certain quantitative and qualitative indexes that characterize production and management efficiency. The procedure for the establishment and use of special funds, and the deductions allowable for inclusion in such funds, are defined by decisions of the government of the USSR.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The mosque is a unique building in Dir Lower carrying 120 years history with eye-catching art work has started losing its original architecture and the residents urged Senior Minister for Tourism and Archeology Khyber Pakthunkhwa to allocate special funds for preservation and repair of this architectural master piece.
After holding meeting with a delegation of society for special persons here, Deputy Commissioner (DC) Amir Khatak ordered to earmark special funds along with incentives for the disabled people aiming at bringing them at par with common segment of the society.
A congressional oversight committee will also be created to monitor the implementation of the law and the use of the special funds.
The Central Auditing Organisation (CAO) said that the balance sheet for the last fiscal year (FY) 2017/18 showed that the state's special funds did not deliver EGP 1.7bn to the ministry of finance.
MPs will also receive the fourth report of the special Funds Accounts Committee on Audited Financial Statements for the Kenya Roads Board Fund for year ended June 2017.
Taiwan's Foreign Minister Joseph Wu announced that the government will allocate US$2 million in special funds in aid of medical and health services in the Pacific region.
As the overall custodian of the country's public finances, Mr Matambo said his ministry was concerned about the management of several of the special funds citing non-compliance to the act in the administration of the funds with breaches including the use of funds for unintended purpose as one of the key concerns.
"We planned to allocate around Tk400 crore as special funds for Rohingya rehabilitation," Dhaka Tribune quoted Muhith as saying.
'It is my request to PSB acting director general Amer Ali Ahmed, who is very active and keen sports lover, to look into this matter of grave importance and enhance our annual budget, allocate special funds and also arrange an international female coach, who may train our females.
Allocating special funds to eliminate additional debts incurred by Felda settlers during the crop replanting process.
SPECIAL FUNDS: The councillors here on Wednesday urged Chief Minister Pervez Khattak to announce special funds for the district council during his visit for the groundbreaking of construction of the new building of Liaquat Memorial Hospital.

Full browser ?