Swat

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Swat

(swät), district of the Malakand division, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (formerly North-West Frontier Province), Pakistan. Saidu Sharif is the capital. The largely inaccessible region is reached by air and through mountain passes from the south and east. Swat was famous for its beautiful forests and gardens and had a noted wood-carving industry, but its extensive deodar forests in the north have been drastically deforested. Agriculture is dominated by the growing of potatoes for export and of vegetables and fruits for urban markets. Tourism was a major industry prior to the rise of Islamic militants in the early 21st cent.

Archaeological evidence indicates that Swat's history dates back to at least the 3d cent. B.C. Long a stronghold of Buddhism, it has several Buddhist stupas. In 2007–8 there was fighting in Swat between Pakistani troops and Islamic militants. A peace agreement was signed with the militants in May, 2008, but fighting resumed two months later. In Feb., 2009, the government, which had failed to rout the militants, agreed to a cease-fire and the establishment of Islamic rule in the district. The situation deteriorated, however, following government operations in April against militants in nearby areas, and in May–July the government mounted a major offensive in Swat that largely reestablished government control. Swat was among those areas most severely devastated by the monsoon floods of 2010.

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Swat

1. a former princely state of NW India: passed to Pakistan in 1947
2. a river in Pakistan, rising in the north and flowing south to the Kabul River north of Peshawar. Length: about 640 km (400 miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Besides, the Commandos of Special Weapons and Tactics (S.W.A.T) team equipped with latest weapons and communication system are on alert as quick response force to challenge any emergency situation if created by the terrorists/hardened criminals.
'Today, Liloan takes a historic and monumental step towards ensuring continued peace and development as we launch our very own Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) Team.
The commandos of Special Weapons and Tactics Team equipped with modern communication system were also ready at its headquarters as a quick response force to timely challenge any untoward incident, said a statement on Thursday.
The fifth session describes the training required for agents involved in crisis intervention, including members of the Hostage Rescue Team and Special Weapons and Tactics team.
The Greyhound Operation was done by PDEA-7 in coordination with the Cebu Provincial Police Office, the Special Weapons and Tactics, and the Armed Forces' Central Command.
They also witnessed the mock exercise conducted by the commandos of Special Weapons and Tactics Team to rush to the spot where hostile situation.
The Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) team trained for such an event has been activated by the shift commander and is expected on location in 15 minutes.
Maqsood Ahmed disclosed that under a comprehensive security plan, professionally trained Special Weapons and Tactics (S.W.A.T) team equipped with modern weapons were ready to challenge any untoward incident if created by terrorists or anti-social elements.
In the final stage--control--law enforcement moves in and establishes control of the situation with mobile field forces, arrest squads, and special weapons and tactics (SWAT) teams.
Detainees were asked to remove their clothes and stay in one corner as operatives of the Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) searched the belongings and rooms of the two jail facilities one by one.

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