special-purpose computer

special-purpose computer

[′spesh·əl ¦pər·pəs kəm′pyüd·ər]
(computer science)
A digital or analog computer designed to be especially efficient in a certain class of applications.

special-purpose computer

A computer designed from scratch to perform a specific function. Contrast with general-purpose computer. See ASIC.
References in periodicals archive ?
The TOP500 list is the semiannual ranking of the world's most powerful supercomputers and bases its rankings on the highest score measured using the Linpack benchmark suite, a special-purpose computer code that scores application runs in quadrillions of floating-point operations per second, or petaflops.
A number of interesting related questions naturally arise, so to address some of these I wrote a special-purpose computer program that in about nine hours was able to exhaustively enumerate all the essentially distinct solutions (of which there are about half a million) that result when the 8938 five-letter words in the Scrabble [R] Tournament And Club Word List (6th edition) are used as the pool of valid words.
As the word "appliance" implies, a Filer is a special-purpose computer designed specifically to optimize file transfer and storage while offering plug-and-play ease of use.
In addition, several small special-purpose computer rooms that were originally part of the building design have been converted to other functions due to the increasing power and popularity of desktop PCs.
Router - A special-purpose computer (or software package) that handles the connection between two or more networks.
A calculation that took 2 years on a powerful special-purpose computer has provided evidence that a hypothesized subnuclear particle called a glueball actually exists.
A number of special-purpose computer centers were opened for the students to use for accessing specialized minicomputer systems.
The storage in this case is not simply a block device, it is a special-purpose computer with an embedded file system.
Now at last the problem seems to have been solved, by Gerald Sussman and Jack Wisdom using a special-purpose computer at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
A special-purpose computer, SANDAC was specifically designed to handle navigation and guidance problems as an embedded part of a warhead-carrying reentry vehicle (such as a missile), attack helicopter or other such weapon.
It's also relatively easy to build an efficient special-purpose computer, using easily obtainable electronic parts, to solve a specific problem.
Last fall, George Uhing, an amateur mathematician in Bronx, N.Y., built a special-purpose computer to try to solve a mathematical puzzle that he had found in the August SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN.

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