Spectacled Bear


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Spectacled Bear

 

(Tremarctos ornatus,) a predacious mammal of the family Ursidae. The body length is 150–180 cm, the tail length 7–10 cm, and the shoulder height 75–80 cm. The weight is 70–140 kg. The fur is coal black or brownish black. The eyes are surrounded by white or yellowish rings, which are connected by a white semicircle on the throat. The snout is shorter than that of other bears. Spectacled bears have a life-span of approximately 20 years. They are found only in South America, where they are encountered in mountain forests at elevations to 3,000 m and, occasionally, in lowland savannas and thickets. The bears feed primarily on grass shoots, fruits, and rhizomes; occasionally they attack deer, guanacos, and vicuñas.

References in periodicals archive ?
It is comparable to the Andean spectacled bear, which is found in South America, but it was much larger, more like the size of an American black bear.
It is home to the spectacled bear and the giant otter, among other species.
Ecology, distribution, and food habits of spectacled bears, Tremarctos ornatus, in Peru.
Only one large plant died in this period of time, mostly likely due to damage by a spectacled bear (Tremarctos ornatus) which inhabit the paramos and are probably are the only predators of Puya capable of dealing with the spiny leaves to reach sugar rich tissues in the centre of the plant (Kattan et al.
A method for determining habitat components of the spectacled bear (Tremarctos ornatus).
Summary: Authorities in Peru have saved a four-month-old spectacled bear cub from poachers after her mother was attacked by hunters.
In contrast, intact sweet receptor genes were found in aardwolf, Canadian otter, spectacled bear, raccoon, and red wolf.
During the morning, we'd spent two enjoyable hours zigzagging between enclosures, peering at the spectacled bear (first photographed in the wild in Venezuela as recently as 2003), watching the Sulawesi crested macaques (very human in mannerisms) scrabbling among bits of bark on their pen's floor presumably for insects, and marvelling at the unfeasible athleticism of the Colombian black-faced spider monkeys, hurling themselves along what passes for a canopy of foliage.
We began filming in the high Andes, releasing a rare spectacled bear - the only species of bear in South America - back into the wild.
The park has snow-covered peaks and is home to threatened species, such as the mountain tapir and the spectacled bear.