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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) A male gamete of a red alga.

(2) In rust fungi a spore that develops in a spermagonium. Spermatia may be spread by insects, thereby promoting the transfer of rudiments of organisms of one sex to the fungi of the other sex. The spermatia of rust fungi are also called pycnidios-pores.

(3) A spore of ascomycetous fungi that are part of lichens. In some species the spermatia apparently function as male sex elements; in others they have lost this function, and their role is not clear. The spores are often called conidia or pycnidiospores.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.