Sphecidae


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Sphecidae

[′sfes·ə‚dē]
(invertebrate zoology)
A large family of hymenopteran insects in the superfamily Sphecoidea.

Sphecidae

 

a family of aculeate hymenopterous (wasps) measuring 5–60 mm long. The coloration is black, often with yellow or red markings. The pronotum is narrow. There are about 12,000 species of sphecids, distributed throughout the world. Approximately 1,000 species are found in the USSR. Adult sphecids feed on nectar and pollen. Care for their young is characteristic of all species. The fertilized female builds a nest having one or several cells. Most commonly, the nest is a burrow. Some sphecids nest in cavities in bark or wood, and others build nests from clay. Larvae feed on a limited number of insect species and, infrequently, on arachnids. Most species paralyze their prey by stinging the nerve ganglia; killed prey would decompose before it could be eaten. The female fills each cell of the nest with food for the future larva, deposits one egg, and seals the cell. A few species feed their young throughout the larval state. Species of the genus Larra, which paralyze mole crickets, do not built nests but leave the paralyzed insect in its own shelter with an egg deposited on it.

Sphecids have no great practical significance. Digger wasps, which feed their larvae common honeybees, are harmful to beekeeping.

G. M. DLUSSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
A synonymic catalog of the Neotropical Crabronidae and Sphecidae (Hymenoptera: Apoidea).
Diversidade, Sazonalidade e Aspectos Biologicos de Vespas Solitarias (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae, Vespidae) em Ninhos Armadilhas na Regiao de Ituiutaba, MG.
The Sphecidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark in Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 4, part 1: 1-224.
Orden Familia Bosque Arbustal Pastizal Diptera Tipulidae 20 19 82 Mycetophilidae 8 9 Culicidae 5 2 Sin determinar 33 101 64 Hymenoptera Braconidae 8 27 16 Ichneumonidae 1 15 6 Evanidae 3 Sphecidae 1 Eurytomidae 1 Tenthredinidae 1 Sin determinar 1 Araneae Tetragnathidae 1 17 19 Theridiidae 2 3 Caponiidae 5 Linyphiidae 3 1 Araneidae 1 Hemiptera Cicadellidae 16 6 Pyrrhocoridae 7 Aphidae 2 1 Delphacidae 1 1 Enicocephalidae 1 Pentatomidae 1 Membracidae 1 Sin determinar 1 Coleoptera Anthribidae 5 3 Curculionidae 7 Lycidae 2 3 Cantharidae 1 1 Sin determinar 2 1 Psocoptera sp.
Se incluyen importantes cambios recientes, como la fusion de Anthophoridae con Apidae (Michener 2000), pero no se hacen cambios con los esfecidos, en donde se sigue actualmente la separacion en por lo menos dos familias, Sphecidae y Crabronidae (Melo 1999; Amarante 2002).
Key words: Eumeninae, Sphecidae, inquilinism, Monobia, Montezumia, Podium, Trypoxylon.
Danaus gilippus, milkweed bugs (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae: Lygaeus and Oncopeltus), wasps (Hymenoptera: Pompilidae, Scoliidae, Sphecidae, Vespidae), and Diptera (Bombyliidae, Conopidae, Stratiomyidae) were not observed removing pollinia in either year [ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 3 OMITTED], although pollinia were found in small quantities on some of these visitors in our haphazard collections.
Syrphidae, Sphecidae, Crabronidae, Vespidae, and Scoliidae) as common visitors (Bugg & Dutcher 1989; Carreck & Williams 1997; Ambrosino et al.
NMSA prey records include (sex of predator in brackets): Hymenoptera (2): Sphecidae, Ammophila sp.