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Related to Sphingidae: Arctiidae, Noctuidae, Satyridae


(invertebrate zoology)
The single family of the lepidopteran superfamily Sphingoidea.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a family of hawk moths. They are of average and large size; the wingspan is 2 to 18 cm. They are characterized by a cigar-shaped body, narrow elongated forewings, and spindle-shaped antennae. The insects can fly with a velocity of up to 54 km/hr and “stand” in the air, sucking nectar from flowers with their long tongue while in flight. (The length of the tongue in the Madagascar hawk moth, Macrosila predicta, exceeds 25 cm.) Sphingidae caterpillars are always naked. They feed on leaves, stripping the shoots bare. There are about 1,200 species, which are found throughout the world. Most are found in the tropics; in the European part of the USSR there are 26 species, and about 40 are found in the Far East. Some members of the family Sphingidae are capable of long flights. (Daphnis nerii flies from the shores of the Black Sea to Finland.) The pupae winter in the soil. Some species are harmful to one or several closely related plants, most frequently woody plants. The pine hawk moth (Sphinx pinastri) and the eyed hawk moth (Smerinthus ocellatus) are among the harmful species in the USSR. The convolvulus hawk moth (Herse convolvuli) is useful in destroying bindweed in the southern Ukraine.


Kuznetsov, N. Ia. “Obzor semeistva Sphingidae palearkticheskoi i otchasti paleanarkticheskoi (kitaisko-gimalaiskoi) fauny.” Tr. Russkogo entomologicheskogo obshchestva, 1906, vol. 37, nos. 3–4.
Zhizn’ zhivotnykh. Edited by L. A. Zenkevich, vol. 3. Moscow, 1969.
Seitz, A. Die Gross-Schmetterlinge der Erde, section 1, vol. 2. Stuttgart, 1913.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
En este trabajo se registra un nuevo taxon de palomillas esfinge (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae) y tres nuevos registros de palomillas avispa (Lepidoptera: Erebidae: Arctiinae: Arctiini: Euchromiina) para el estado de Puebla.
Esfingideos (Lepidoptera, Sphingidae) no Tabuleiro Paraibano, nordeste do Brasil: abundancia, riqueza e relacao com plantas esfingofilas.
Op die binne- en agterblad van die oorspronklike 1993-uitgawe van Karolina Ferreira verskyn twee identiese Winterbach-sketse met die spesienaam van die oleander-bymot in haar eie handskrif daarby (Deilephila nerii van die familie Sphingidae; sien Bylaag B).
16) a lepidopterist who was actively encouraging entomological research on the island and was engaged in a revision of Madagascan Sphingidae (Lepidoptera).
limniace Blue Tiger Hypolimnas bolina Great Eggfly H.misippus Danaid Eggfly Phalantaphalantha Common Leopard Neptis hylas Common Sailer Parantica aglea Glassy Tiger Lycaenidae Jamides celeno Common Cerulean Arhopala amantes Large Oak blue Lampides boeticus Pea blue Spindasis vulcanus Common silver line Everes lacturnus Indian Cupid Hesperiidae Borbo cinnara Rice swift Sphingidae Cephonodes hylas Coffee Hawk moth Apidae Apis dorsata Rock honey bee A.
1998 The Moths of Borneo (Part 3): Superfamily Bombycoidea: Families Lasiocampidae, Eupterotidae, Bombycidae, Brahmaeidae, Saturniidae, Sphingidae. Kuala Lumpur: Southene Sdn.
Ogg & Stanley-Samuelson (1992) detected C20:4n-6 approximately 12% of the PL fraction of head of Manduca sexta (Linnaeus) (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae).
Incongruence of morphology and genetic markers in Hyles tithymali (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae) from the Canary Islands.
Lepidoptera: Sphingidae), which is also locally common in Kansas, Arkansas, Missouri, and Texas support Brown's (2003) hypothesis (Kaye, 1974 and Brown, 2003).