sphingomyelin

(redirected from Sphingomyelins)
Also found in: Dictionary, Medical.

sphingomyelin

[¦sfiŋ·gō′mī·ə·lən]
(biochemistry)
A phospholipid consisting of choline, sphingosine, phosphoric acid, and a fatty acid.
References in periodicals archive ?
Under certain conditions, the addition of cholesterol to phospholipids leads to phase separation: phosphatidylcholine and especially sphingomyelin concentrate in the ordered and condensed cholesterol-rich phase, while the remaining phospholipids are displaced into the liquid phase.
The relation between static and kinetic cholesterol pools remains undetermined; however, the concentration of cholesterol complex with sphingomyelin decreased at the increase of cyclodextrin content [14, 26].
In this study, we characterised 163 metabolite concentrations (acylcarnitines, amino acids, phosphatidylcholines, and sphingomyelins) of 57 patients with T2D, including 26 cases with complications of CAD.
Pearson et al., "Plasma sphingomyelin level as a risk factor for coronary artery disease," Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology, vol.
LC-MS conditions for sphingolipids, phosphoglycerides, glycerides and sphingomyelins were previously established (Qu et al.
Abbreviations ALT: Alanine aminotransferase AST: Aspartate aminotransferase [gamma]GT: [gamma]-glutamyltransferase BMI: Body mass index NAFLD: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease NASH: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis HCC: Hepatocellular carcinoma FFA: Free fatty acids LPC: Lysophosphatidylcholine SM: Sphingomyelin PC: Phosphatidylcholine ROS: Reactive oxygen species NO: Nitric oxide HSP27: Heat shock protein 27 TBA: Thiobarbituric acid NAS: NAFLD activity score PUFA: Polyunsaturated fatty acid.
Ceramides and sphingomyelins in skeletal muscles of the rat: content and composition.
Mielke's team found that the higher the level of plasma sphingomyelins and the lower the level of ceramide - two types of fat found in cells throughout the body - the slower the progression of the dementia of Alzheimer's disease.
Effects of feeding Lunaria oil rich in nervonic and erucic acids on the fatty acid compositions of sphingomyelins from erythrocytes, liver, and brain of the guaking mouse mutant.
A simple, dedicated analytical protocol enabling the analysis of 4 specific metabolomic features belonging to the lipid classes of sphingomyelins (SMs), triglycerides (TAGs), phosphatidylcholines (PCs), and cholesterylesters (CEs) was developed and applied to the multicenter study.
Middle- and long-chain Carn, sphingomyelins (SM), acyl-linked phosphatidylcholines, ether-linked phosphatidylcholines, and lysophosphatidylcholines were not used for the data analysis of this work, since the presented study focused on alterations in AA metabolism with respect to IR.

Full browser ?