barracuda

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Related to Sphyraena: barracuda

barracuda,

slender, elongated fish of tropical seas. Barracudas have long snouts and projecting lower jaws armed with large, sharp-edged teeth. They are ferocious, striking at anything that gleams, and are considered excellent game fishes. The largest of the group, the great barracuda, averages 5 ft (1.5 m) in length but may reach 10 ft (3 m); it is dangerous to swimmers wearing shiny objects. Other species are the Pacific barracuda (4 ft/1.2 m long) and the smaller Northern barracuda, which is not dangerous. Barracudas are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Perciformes, family Sphyraenidae.

barracuda

[‚bar·ə′küd·ə]
(vertebrate zoology)
The common name for about 20 species of fishes belonging to the genus Sphyraena in the order Perciformes.

barracuda

any predatory marine teleost fish of the mostly tropical family Sphyraenidae, esp Sphyraena barracuda. They have an elongated body, strong teeth, and a protruding lower jaw
References in periodicals archive ?
Extraction and purification of toxic fractions from barracuda (Sphyraena barracuda) implicated in ciguatera poisoning.
Nonetheless, the occurrence of predominantly nearshore warmwater sharks and non-shark taxa (unreported fossils in the GCVP collections), such as sawfishes (Pristis sp.), barracudas (Sphyraena sp.), boxfishes (Ostraciidae), crocodiles, trionichid turtles, emydid-like turtles, sea turtles, palaeopheid snakes, and a moderately large brontotherid, all suggest that warm climatic conditions persisted year round.
Alu-alu Obtuse barracuda Sphyraena 7,291 abtusata Demersal 15.
Lobsters (Penaeus) and other crustaceans, mollusks, and several species of resident, migratory, or seasonal fish--including many predators such as the tarpon (Megalops atlantica), the gray snapper (Lutjanus griseus), and barracudas (Sphyraena)--all find stable conditions and protection favorable to their young in these waters.
FO Disc Billfish Istiompax indica 2 1.2 0.0 Makaira nigricans 7 4.9 0.0 Kajikia audax 22 12.2 7.7 Istiophorus platypterus 7 2.4 0.0 Tetrapturus angustirostris 8 2.4 0.0 Xiphias gladius 1031 100.0 2.7 Total billfish 1077 Tuna Thunnus alalunga 9 6.1 0.0 Thunnus obesus 22 8.5 14.3 Thunnus albacares 19 12.2 9.1 Total tuna 50 Other bony fishes Alepisaurus brevirostris 6 3.7 100.0 Alepisaurus ferox 94 36.6 100.0 Sphyraena spp.
The concept of targeting pelagic sharks off the coast of California was inspired by the occasional incidental catch of sharks in the nearshore small mesh gillnets that targeted California barracuda, Sphyraena argentea, and white seabass, Atractoscion nobilis (Hanan et al., 1993).
Yamamoto continued to observe bigeye scad at this location to as late as early March 2015, at this time swimming with a school of juvenile Pacific barracuda (Sphyraena argentea Girard, 1852).
Length weight relationship of Sphyraena obtusata Curvier, 1829 from Jaffna lagoon, Srilanka.
Discusion: el material aca descrito no difiere de las formas de Sphyraena descritas por Casier (1966) para la Formacion Oceanique en el Cenozoico de la Isla de Barbados y que probablemente se trata de formas juveniles.
Thermal adaptation of cytoplasmic malate dehydrogenases of eastern Pacific barracuda (Sphyraena spp): The role of differential isoenzyme expression.
The majority are common inshore fauna with some exceptions (some of the Carangids--jacks, including Seriola sp., the Lutjanids--snappers, the Scomberomorus--mackerels, and Sphyraena sp.--barracuda, though commonly found outside the barrier reef occasionally swims in shallow water) (Johannes 1981: 158).
Another important family in this category is the Sphyraenidae, represented by the barracudas (Sphyraena), medium-sized predators that basically eat small fish and squid.