Sphyraenidae


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Related to Sphyraenidae: Scombridae

Sphyraenidae

[sfə′rē·nə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
A family of shore fishes in the suborder Mugiloidei of the order Perciformes comprising the barracudas.

Sphyraenidae

 

(barracuda), a family of marine fishes of the order Mugiloidea. Body length, up to 3 m. The large mouth contains powerful teeth set in deep alveoli. There is one genus, comprising several species. Barracuda are distributed primarily in tropical waters. Two species are encountered in the USSR: Sphyraena sphyraena is found in the Black Sea, and S. pinguis dwells in the Sea of Japan. S. Sphyraena is up to 1 m long and lives at depths to 100 m; it is a predator, feeding on small fishes. Barracuda roe are pelagic. Large species of Sphyraenidae may attack man. Barracuda are commercially valuable.

The Russian common name for the family Sphyraenidae, morskie shchuki, is also used to designate fishes of the genus Molva of the family Gadidae, as well as the fish Thylosurus anastomella of the family Belonidae.

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El 6% de las especies restantes fueron consumidores de tercer orden (piscivoras) y pertenecieron a las familias Carangidae (Trachinotus goodei (Jordan & Everman), Lutjanidae (Lutjanus apodus (Walbaum) y Sphyraenidae (Sphyraena barracuda (Walbaum).
0 0 Sphyraenidae Splayraena barracuda 125 13 Syngnathidae Cosmocampus spp.
Target species are medium and large-bodied fishes mainly of the families Lutjanidae (snappers), Serranidae (groupers), Carangidae (jacks), and Sphyraenidae (barracudas).
Targeted species were classified into five groups according to Bellwood (1988): reef-associated species (Carangidae and Sphyraenidae), reef planktivores (Acanthuridae, Caesionidae, and Pomacentridae), reef species (mainly Lutjanidae, Lethrinidae, Scaridae, Serranidae, Kyphosidae, and octopus), open water species (Belonidae, Elopidae, and Scombridae), and off-reef species (Lutjanidae).
Overall, twelve families were restricted to seagrass habitats: phycid hakes (Phycidae), toadfishes (Batrachiodidae), batfishes (Ogcocephalidae), flyingfishes (Exocoetidae), cardinalfishes (Apogonidae), barracudas (Sphyraenidae), wrasses (Labridae), combtooth blennies (Blenniidae), mackerels (Scombridae), triggerfishes (Balistidae), boxfishes (Ostraciidae), and porcupinefishes (Diodontidae; Table 1).
En el litoral rocoso de Ciudad de La Habana, las comunidades de peces han sido modificadas notablemente producto de la sobrepesca, lo cual se evidencia por la ausencia, casi total, de depredadores de talla grande como las especies pertenecientes a las familias Lutjanidae, Serranidae y Sphyraenidae (Aguilar 2005).
+ Tylosurus crocodilus + (Peron & LeSueur, 1821) Lampidae Lampris guttatus + (Brunnich, 1788) Sphyraenidae Sphyraena barracuda + (Walbaum, 1792) Sphyraena spp.
paru (Pomacanthidae), Sphyraena barracuda (Sphyraenidae), Clepticus parrai, Lachnolaimus maximus (Labridae), Scarus taeniopterus, Sparisoma rubripinne, S.