Spined Loach


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Spined Loach

 

(Cobitis taenia), a fish of the family Cobitidae. The body is elongate and laterally compressed; there are large dark spots along the sides. Under the eye is a bipartite spine; there are six antennae around the mouth. The body length reaches 11.5 cm. The spined loach is distributed in rivers and lakes of Europe (up to 60° N lat.) and Asia. It prefers sluggish and stagnant waters with a silty-sandy bottom for burrowing. The fish feeds on small benthic crustaceans and the larvae of Chirono-midae. Sexual maturity is attained in the second or third year. Spawning occurs from May through July; the roe, which number no more than 300, are deposited in batches and are benthic. The spined loach has no commercial importance; it is good bait for catching predatory fishes.

REFERENCE

Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 4, part 1, Moscow, 1971.
References in periodicals archive ?
Finally, the protected fish species, European weather loach (Misgurnus fossilis) and spined loach (Cobitis taenia), will also benefit from project measures.
Enhancement of natural river reproduction for river lamprey, Atlantic salmon, European bullhead (Cottus gabio), spined loach (Cobitis taenia) and thick-shelled river mussel; and
Reductions in river lamprey, Atlantic salmon, European bullhead and spined loach mortality to 80% below current levels in the Drawa river drainage basin;
The valley is also home to a number of rare and threatened species, including the spined loach (Cobitis taenia) and pool frogs (Rana lessonae), both of which are listed in the annexes of the Habitat Directive.
The habitat improvements should also benefit three other Annex II-listed species of EU importance associated with the habitats: the spined loach (Cobitis taenia), mud loach (Misgurnus fossilis) and water plantain (Luronium natans); as well as the Annex I habitat, hard oligo-mesotrophic waters with benthic vegetation of Chara.
Achieving a sustainable hydrological management system for the wetland habitats will benefit the conservation status of the fish species brook lamprey (Lampetra planeri) and spined loach (Cobitis taenia), which are listed in Annex II of the Habitats Directive.
The river and regularly flooded meadow, was extremely important habitat and spawning ground for many fish species, including the EU targeted asp (Aspius aspius), spined loach (Cobitis taenia) and mud loach (Misgurnus fossilis).
Such restoration will have a beneficial impact on the European bitterling, spined loach, bluethroat, common kingfisher, little bittern and purple heron.