Spirochetosis


Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Spirochetosis: intestinal spirochetosis

Spirochetosis

 

in man and animals, one of a group of diseases caused by pathogenic spirochetes. Spirochetoses differ in their epidemiology and clinical manifestations. Distinctions are made, according to the mechanism of infection, between intestinal, respiratory, blood, and skin spirochetoses. Leptospiroses are among the most common forms of intestinal spirochetoses. Respiratory spirochetoses occur mainly in tropical countries. Blood spirochetoses include different forms of relapsing fever caused by lice and ticks—forms characterized by natural endemism. Skin spirochetoses include yaws, syphilis, and pinta. Spirochetoses also include sodoku and diseases caused by an association of spirochetes and bacteria, for example, Simanovskii-Vincent’s angina and ulcerative stomatitis.

REFERENCES

Rukovodstvo po tropicheskim bolezniam, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1974.
In birds. Avian spirochetosis is an infectious disease of poultry and wild birds caused by the spirochete Spirochaeta anserinum. The disease is manifested by fever, listlessness, and paresis of the motor organs. The mortality rate is 80 percent. The source of the causative agent is sick birds, and ticks subsequently transmit the infection. Diagnosis is based on clinical symptoms, epizootiologi-cal data, and the bacteriological examination of blood smears. Osarsol and antibiotics are used to treat the disease. Preventive measures include the vaccination of birds and the control of ticks.
Spirochetosis is also found in rabbits.

REFERENCES

Artemichev, M. A. “Spirokhetoz.” In Bolezniptits. Moscow, 1962.
Reshetniak, V. Z. Spirokhetoz ptits. Moscow, 1971.
References in periodicals archive ?
The histopathologic findings of intestinal spirochetosis are different from those of syphilis.
Eight biopsies from patients with intestinal spirochetosis were found.
Further examination showed intestinal spirochetosis along the caecal border (Figure 2).
Intestinal Spirochetosis (IS) was first discovered in 1719 by van Leeuwenhoek who analyzed his own stool and identified small mobile spiral organisms.
Discussion: Intestinal spirochetosis is a condition in which spirochetal organisms are attached to the apical cell membrane of the colorectal epithelium.
Two more adenovirus infections were found separately to have spirochetosis (Figure, E) and attaching and effacing bacterial infection.
1] The term intestinal spirochetosis (IS) was coined in 1967[2] to describe this condition.
Because anecdotal evidence has indicated frequent cholera and intestinal spirochetosis coinfection in Bangladesh, we studied both diseases in this study.
Feline leukemia virus infection and renal spirochetosis in a free-ranging cougar (Felis concolor).
Porcine colonic spirochetosis/intestinal spirochetosis.
Erythema chronicum migrans--a tick-borne spirochetosis.