Thus, the Delian League is really NATO; the Spitamenes
campaign is the Little Bighorn; Parmenio is Patton; Philip II in Thebes is like Peter the Great in the West; and Athens and Sparta are like Germany and Britain before the First World War.
Mathias goes on to tell us of Spitamenes
, the enemy commander, preparing an ambush and cutting Alexander's forward forces to pieces as they eagerly pursue him into the hills and narrow trails in the mountains.
As a result, Alexander spent more time conquering Afghanistan than he did Persia, and with less to show for it: not only did Afghanistan offer no comparable symbolic and strategic victory, but constant revolts undermined whatever glory he could claim for his defeat of Spitamenes
, his primary Afghan foe.